Crops Research

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Research
irrigation
alfalfa
crops
Crop variety selection is one of the most important choices on the farm. Crop genetics determine a significant portion of the yield potential and resource use efficiency. Crop types and genetics that use water more efficiently will become increasingly imp
Drought Tolerance Guide for Alfalfa in Utah

Drought Tolerance Guide for Alfalfa in Utah

Crop variety selection is one of the most important choices on the farm. Crop genetics determine a significant portion of the yield potential and resource use efficiency. Crop types and genetics that use water more efficiently will become increasingly imp...

crops
Research
alfalfa
irrigation
When deciding which irrigation systems to adopt, permit, or promote, it is important to consider how their efficiency and losses affect the water balance of Utah’s watersheds and drainage basins. Irrigators have no control over precipitation and only limi
Irrigation Water Loss and Recovery in Utah

Irrigation Water Loss and Recovery in Utah

When deciding which irrigation systems to adopt, permit, or promote, it is important to consider how their efficiency and losses affect the water balance of Utah’s watersheds and drainage basins. Irrigators have no control over precipitation and only limi...

corn
Research
pests
crops
Western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, is one of the most devastating corn insect pests in the United States. In some years, corn rootworms can cause up to $1 billion in yield loss and control costs. In Utah, western corn rootworm has been
Western Corn Rootworm

Western Corn Rootworm

Western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, is one of the most devastating corn insect pests in the United States. In some years, corn rootworms can cause up to $1 billion in yield loss and control costs. In Utah, western corn rootworm has been...

corn
safflower
pasture
Economics
oilseeds
other crops
hay
small grains
crops
Research
alfalfa
Size and scope and crop production costs and returns for counties in Utah.
Crop Economics by County

Crop Economics by County

Size and scope and crop production costs and returns for counties in Utah.

corn
crops
harvesting
Research
Properly harvested and stored, corn silage is extremely palatable, superior to other forages in energy content, a great fiber source, and relatively consistent in quality. The high palatability of corn silage encourages feed intake which contributes to hi
Chopping and Storing Quality Corn Silage

Chopping and Storing Quality Corn Silage

Properly harvested and stored, corn silage is extremely palatable, superior to other forages in energy content, a great fiber source, and relatively consistent in quality. The high palatability of corn silage encourages feed intake which contributes to hi...

othercrops
oilseeds
safflower
crops
pasture
hay
small grains
Research
smallcrops
small grains fertility
alfalfa
corn
fertility
Biochar is a charcoal product formed from heating a high carbon material in an environment with limited oxygen. By heating in this type of environment, much of the carbon biomass is retained. This process is referred to as pyrolysis. The materials that ar
Biochar Impacts on Crop Yield and Soil Water Availability

Biochar Impacts on Crop Yield and Soil Water Availability

Biochar is a charcoal product formed from heating a high carbon material in an environment with limited oxygen. By heating in this type of environment, much of the carbon biomass is retained. This process is referred to as pyrolysis. The materials that ar...

General
other crops
Research
crops
Cannabis sativa is the scientific name of the plant that includes both hemp and marijuana. It is one of the oldest cultivated plants in human history and has been grown for seed, fiber, oil, and medicine. There are generally three recognized subspecies (C
Ten Frequently Asked Questions About Growing Cannabis

Ten Frequently Asked Questions About Growing Cannabis

Cannabis sativa is the scientific name of the plant that includes both hemp and marijuana. It is one of the oldest cultivated plants in human history and has been grown for seed, fiber, oil, and medicine. There are generally three recognized subspecies (C...

corn
fertility
Research
crop
crops
Crop rotation is an important practice in the production of field and forage crops, with well-known benefits of improving the soil (moisture, structure, fertility, and organic matter), minimizing pests and diseases, and providing economic diversification.
The Potential for Reducing N Fertilizer Inputs for Corn Production in the First Year Following Alfalfa

The Potential for Reducing N Fertilizer Inputs for Corn Production in the First Year Following Alfalfa

Crop rotation is an important practice in the production of field and forage crops, with well-known benefits of improving the soil (moisture, structure, fertility, and organic matter), minimizing pests and diseases, and providing economic diversification....

Research
corn
planting
crops
The purpose of this fact sheet is to help the reader understand the concepts and formulas in determining GDD.
Utilizing Growing Degree Days for Corn Production

Utilizing Growing Degree Days for Corn Production

The purpose of this fact sheet is to help the reader understand the concepts and formulas in determining GDD.

crops
safflower
Research
irrigation
Most safflower in Northern Utah and Southern Idaho is grown under dryland conditions; however, irrigated safflower can provide higher yields and increase net returns. The objectives of the studies were to determine impact of irrigation on safflower yield
Irrigation of Safflower in Northern Utah

Irrigation of Safflower in Northern Utah

Most safflower in Northern Utah and Southern Idaho is grown under dryland conditions; however, irrigated safflower can provide higher yields and increase net returns. The objectives of the studies were to determine impact of irrigation on safflower yield ...

other crops
crops
Research
General
The purpose of this fact sheet is to date and to provide insight into some of the opportunities and limitations to quinoa production in Utah.
Quinoa for Utah

Quinoa for Utah

The purpose of this fact sheet is to date and to provide insight into some of the opportunities and limitations to quinoa production in Utah.

pasture
corn
oilseeds
crops
alfalfa
safflower
Research
small grains
hay
irrigation
other crops
A guide to the best chemigation practices
Chemigation Guide

Chemigation Guide

A guide to the best chemigation practices

Economics
corn
Research
crops
Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise. This research contains sample costs and return
Costs and Returns for Roundup Ready™ Grain Corn

Costs and Returns for Roundup Ready™ Grain Corn

Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise. This research contains sample costs and return...

safflower
Economics
Research
crops
Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise. This research contains sample costs and return
2019 Costs and Returns for Irrigated Safflower, Northern Utah

2019 Costs and Returns for Irrigated Safflower, Northern Utah

Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise. This research contains sample costs and return...

Research
planting
safflower
crops
Northern Utah growers produced approximately 23 million pounds of safflower second only to California in U.S. production.
Growing Safflower in Utah

Growing Safflower in Utah

Northern Utah growers produced approximately 23 million pounds of safflower second only to California in U.S. production.

hay irrigation
other crops irrigation
small grains
pasture
hay
corn irrigation
small grains irrigation
corn
oilseeds
Research
crops
alfalfa
alfalfa irrigation
oilseeds irrigation
safflower
other crops
irrigation
pasture irrigation
New technologies like MDI have the potential to improve irrigation efficiency thereby increasing water available to the crop and conserving water by reducing loss. If you are considering MDI on your farm, it will be important to carefully review its poten
Mobile Drip Irrigation for Pivots and Laterals

Mobile Drip Irrigation for Pivots and Laterals

New technologies like MDI have the potential to improve irrigation efficiency thereby increasing water available to the crop and conserving water by reducing loss. If you are considering MDI on your farm, it will be important to carefully review its poten...

Research
crops
pests
alfalfa
Valley pocket gophers (Thomomys bottae) are a common agricultural pest in many areas of Utah, Nevada and California. Pocket gophers predominantly eat roots, although they will pull vegetation into their burrows, and eat plants immediately adjacent to thei
Comparison of Three Traps Used for Pocket Gopher Management (Thomomys Bottae) in Alfalfa Fields

Comparison of Three Traps Used for Pocket Gopher Management (Thomomys Bottae) in Alfalfa Fields

Valley pocket gophers (Thomomys bottae) are a common agricultural pest in many areas of Utah, Nevada and California. Pocket gophers predominantly eat roots, although they will pull vegetation into their burrows, and eat plants immediately adjacent to thei...

disease
crops
small grains
Research
Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) is found worldwide. It infects small grains like barley, wheat, oats and rice as well as many wild grass species. There are two strains of the barley yellow dwarf virus: BYDV-MAV and BYDV-PAV.
Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV)

Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV)

Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) is found worldwide. It infects small grains like barley, wheat, oats and rice as well as many wild grass species. There are two strains of the barley yellow dwarf virus: BYDV-MAV and BYDV-PAV.

crops
Research
oilseeds
Weeds
small grains
hay
safflower
alfalfa
corn
pasture
other crops
Although there is a lot of truth to the above statement, anyone who has made a living in agriculture on a farm or ranch would probably agree that the list of certainties could easily be expanded to include weeds. Since the time of the earliest U.S. settle
Fortifying Farms and Ranches Against Weed Invasion

Fortifying Farms and Ranches Against Weed Invasion

Although there is a lot of truth to the above statement, anyone who has made a living in agriculture on a farm or ranch would probably agree that the list of certainties could easily be expanded to include weeds. Since the time of the earliest U.S. settle...

field crops
irrigation
alfalfa
corn
Research
crops
Deficit irrigation strategies with varying effectiveness can be employed in many cases to maximize production and profit. These strategies can include modifying irrigation schedules, concentrating irrigation to critical crop growth stages, reducing rates,
Strategies for Deficit Irrigation of Forage Crops

Strategies for Deficit Irrigation of Forage Crops

Deficit irrigation strategies with varying effectiveness can be employed in many cases to maximize production and profit. These strategies can include modifying irrigation schedules, concentrating irrigation to critical crop growth stages, reducing rates,...

other crops
corn
pasture
Research
hay
alfalfa
safflower
crops
irrigation
small grains
fruit crops
small farms
oilseeds
field crops
The research community and fertilizer industry have developed and utilized a framework termed “4R nutrient management” to help improve fertilizer stewardship. For decades, national and international organizations and institutes such as The Fertilizer Inst
4R’s of Irrigation Management

4R’s of Irrigation Management

The research community and fertilizer industry have developed and utilized a framework termed “4R nutrient management” to help improve fertilizer stewardship. For decades, national and international organizations and institutes such as The Fertilizer Inst...

irrigation
alfalfa
corn
crops
Research
field crops
There are many good things about surface irrigation, but the labor requirements and large water withdrawals can diminish its feasibility in situations with limited access to labor or water. In this fact sheet, we will describe two of these systems current
Irrigation Advance Sensors Are Having Large Impacts in Surface Irrigation

Irrigation Advance Sensors Are Having Large Impacts in Surface Irrigation

There are many good things about surface irrigation, but the labor requirements and large water withdrawals can diminish its feasibility in situations with limited access to labor or water. In this fact sheet, we will describe two of these systems current...

corn
alfalfa
Weeds
oilseeds
Research
small grains
pasture
safflower
hay
other crops
crops
Goatsrue is an aggressive invasive plant and a declared Utah state noxious weed (Category 1B). It was introduced into the Cache Valley in 1891 and spread through the irrigation canals, streams, and rivers of the Bear River drainage. Cache County has one o
Goatsrue (Galega officinalis) Identification and Management in Pastures and Croplands

Goatsrue (Galega officinalis) Identification and Management in Pastures and Croplands

Goatsrue is an aggressive invasive plant and a declared Utah state noxious weed (Category 1B). It was introduced into the Cache Valley in 1891 and spread through the irrigation canals, streams, and rivers of the Bear River drainage. Cache County has one o...

safflower
alfalfa
other crops
crops
hay
Research
pasture
pests
corn
small grains
oilseeds
Insects Vegetable
Utah Pests
Grasshoppers are among the most conspicuous insects in Utah and are viewed by many as also among the most injurious to our crops and rangelands. We must also understand that because outbreaks can occur simultaneously across the landscape, suppression prog
Grasshoppers

Grasshoppers

Grasshoppers are among the most conspicuous insects in Utah and are viewed by many as also among the most injurious to our crops and rangelands. We must also understand that because outbreaks can occur simultaneously across the landscape, suppression prog...

corn
crops
Research
planting
This report summarizes on-farm performance of irrigated silage corn hybrids at Benson (Cache County) in 2006. The site is at 4439 ft elevation and has a long-term average of 2800 corn growing degree days (50/86° F) per year. Hybrids were seeded with a six
Corn Silage Variety Performance

Corn Silage Variety Performance

This report summarizes on-farm performance of irrigated silage corn hybrids at Benson (Cache County) in 2006. The site is at 4439 ft elevation and has a long-term average of 2800 corn growing degree days (50/86° F) per year. Hybrids were seeded with a six...

oilseeds
corn
pasture
other crops
safflower
small grains
hay
fertility
crops
Research
Environmental concerns over nitrate contamination of ground water, and the desire of land managers to increase the efficiency of their fertilizer investment, can both be satisfied more completely through diagnostic testing for nitrogen (N) soil fertility.
Diagnostic Testing for Nitrogen Soil Fertility

Diagnostic Testing for Nitrogen Soil Fertility

Environmental concerns over nitrate contamination of ground water, and the desire of land managers to increase the efficiency of their fertilizer investment, can both be satisfied more completely through diagnostic testing for nitrogen (N) soil fertility....

fertility
safflower
crops
corn
pasture
hay
other crops
small grains
Research
oilseeds
Urea (46-0-0) usually has the lowest cost per pound of nitrogen compared to other single-element nitrogen fertilizers. However, urea undergoes unique chemical transformations when field applied and severe losses in efficiency may result if special managem
Urea: A Low Cost Nitrogen Fertilizer with Special Management Requirements

Urea: A Low Cost Nitrogen Fertilizer with Special Management Requirements

Urea (46-0-0) usually has the lowest cost per pound of nitrogen compared to other single-element nitrogen fertilizers. However, urea undergoes unique chemical transformations when field applied and severe losses in efficiency may result if special managem...

hay
Research
safflower
General
crops
oilseeds
othercrops
small grains
corn
other crops
alfalfa
pasture
fertility
The purpose of this fact sheet is to provide the current state of knowledge on cover crop management for Utah based on USU research and local grower experience.
Cover Crops for Utah

Cover Crops for Utah

The purpose of this fact sheet is to provide the current state of knowledge on cover crop management for Utah based on USU research and local grower experience.

field crops
irrigation
pasture
crops
fertility
Research
The objective of this project is to study the response of pasture grass varieties to weather, irrigation, and fertility in a field experimental plot at a high elevation. The water variable is accomplished with a line source sprinkler irrigation system. Tw
Grass Pasture Response to Water and Nitrogen

Grass Pasture Response to Water and Nitrogen

The objective of this project is to study the response of pasture grass varieties to weather, irrigation, and fertility in a field experimental plot at a high elevation. The water variable is accomplished with a line source sprinkler irrigation system. Tw...

pests
small grains
Research
crops
A survey of Utah small grain growers was conducted in the fall of 1996 by personnel of Utah State University Extension Entomology. The majority of the survey was related to integrated pest management practices but included a section devoted to pesticide u
Pesticide Use on Utah's Small Grain Crops

Pesticide Use on Utah's Small Grain Crops

A survey of Utah small grain growers was conducted in the fall of 1996 by personnel of Utah State University Extension Entomology. The majority of the survey was related to integrated pest management practices but included a section devoted to pesticide u...

corn
crops
Economics
Research
2008 Commodity Insurance Fact Sheet for Corn in the following counties: Beaver, Box Elder, Cache, Carbon, Davis, Duchese, Emery, Grand, Iron, Juab, Millard, Salt Lake, Sanpete, Sevier, Tooele, Uintah, Utah, and Weber.
Utah, Corn Commodity Insurance Fact Sheet

Utah, Corn Commodity Insurance Fact Sheet

2008 Commodity Insurance Fact Sheet for Corn in the following counties: Beaver, Box Elder, Cache, Carbon, Davis, Duchese, Emery, Grand, Iron, Juab, Millard, Salt Lake, Sanpete, Sevier, Tooele, Uintah, Utah, and Weber.

hay
oilseeds
measurement
irrigation
corn
safflower
field crops
small grains
crops
alfalfa
other crops
pasture
Research
Irrigators in Utah experienced rapidly increasing energy costs from the mid 1970s to the late 1980s. These costs remain relatively high. Those who are pumping from deep wells are particularly interested in ways to cut back on energy use without doing away
Energy Conservation with Irrigation Water Management

Energy Conservation with Irrigation Water Management

Irrigators in Utah experienced rapidly increasing energy costs from the mid 1970s to the late 1980s. These costs remain relatively high. Those who are pumping from deep wells are particularly interested in ways to cut back on energy use without doing away...

fertility
Research
alfalfa
crops
This fact sheet will describe advantages and disadvantages, setup, and some basics of best management practices and economics. This fact sheet will describe advantages and disadvantages, setup, and some basics of best management practices and economics.
Manure Application Through Pressurized Irrigation Systems

Manure Application Through Pressurized Irrigation Systems

This fact sheet will describe advantages and disadvantages, setup, and some basics of best management practices and economics. This fact sheet will describe advantages and disadvantages, setup, and some basics of best management practices and economics.

Research
crops
small grains
Economics
Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise.
2015 Costs and Returns for Irrigated Soft White Wheat, Box Elder County

2015 Costs and Returns for Irrigated Soft White Wheat, Box Elder County

Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise.

crops
alfalfa
hay
oilseeds
Research
pasture
small grains
safflower
Weeds
corn
other crops
Dyer's woad (Isatis tinctoria) was introduced into Utah during the mid-19th century as a source of indigo dye. The plant escaped cultivation and has spread across rangelands, foothills, and other sites throughout the Intermountain West.
Identifying and Managing Dyer's Woad (Isatis tinctoria) in Pastures, Rangelands, and Non-Crop Settings

Identifying and Managing Dyer's Woad (Isatis tinctoria) in Pastures, Rangelands, and Non-Crop Settings

Dyer's woad (Isatis tinctoria) was introduced into Utah during the mid-19th century as a source of indigo dye. The plant escaped cultivation and has spread across rangelands, foothills, and other sites throughout the Intermountain West.

irrigation
crops
field crops
alfalfa
Research
Guide to Irrigation Sprinkler Packages for Pivots and Laterals
Guide to Irrigation Sprinkler Packages for Pivots and Laterals

Guide to Irrigation Sprinkler Packages for Pivots and Laterals

Guide to Irrigation Sprinkler Packages for Pivots and Laterals

small grains
oilseeds
safflower
corn
other crops
alfalfa
hay
Research
Weeds
pasture
crops
Scotch thistle (Onopordum acanthium) is an invasive species native to Eurasia. It was likely introduced into North America during the late 19th century (Young & Evans, 1969). Due to the plant’s size and prickles, a stand can damage pasture productivity, r
Identification and Management of Scotch Thistle (Onopordum acanthium L.) in Pastures, Rangelands, and Non-Crop Settings

Identification and Management of Scotch Thistle (Onopordum acanthium L.) in Pastures, Rangelands, and Non-Crop Settings

Scotch thistle (Onopordum acanthium) is an invasive species native to Eurasia. It was likely introduced into North America during the late 19th century (Young & Evans, 1969). Due to the plant’s size and prickles, a stand can damage pasture productivity, r...

crops
alfalfa
irrigation
small grains
Research
University Extension services are widely known for scientific information on best practices for field crop production. Many Extension experts commonly offer the same tips or "rules of thumb" to growers. This article is certainly not a comprehensive list o
25 Rules of Thumb for Field Crops

25 Rules of Thumb for Field Crops

University Extension services are widely known for scientific information on best practices for field crop production. Many Extension experts commonly offer the same tips or "rules of thumb" to growers. This article is certainly not a comprehensive list o...

disease
crops
Research
small grains
Stripe rust, or yellow rust, is primarily a foliar fungal disease of wheat, although it can infect spike and stem tissues. If the pathogen infects the spike (head) it causes extensive quality and grain yield loss. The disease is caused by the fungus Pucci
Wheat Stripe Rust

Wheat Stripe Rust

Stripe rust, or yellow rust, is primarily a foliar fungal disease of wheat, although it can infect spike and stem tissues. If the pathogen infects the spike (head) it causes extensive quality and grain yield loss. The disease is caused by the fungus Pucci...

Research
crops
small grains
corn
Weeds
other crops
hay
safflower
pasture
alfalfa
oilseeds
Invasive noxious weeds have been described as a raging biological wildfire – out of control, spreading rapidly, and causing enormous economic losses. Millions of acres in North America have been invaded or are at risk of being invaded by weeds, including
Noxious Weed Field Guide for Utah

Noxious Weed Field Guide for Utah

Invasive noxious weeds have been described as a raging biological wildfire – out of control, spreading rapidly, and causing enormous economic losses. Millions of acres in North America have been invaded or are at risk of being invaded by weeds, including ...

crops
planting
alfalfa
Research
Alfalfa is the most important crop in Utah, both in terms of acreage and revenue. Although often overlooked, one of the most critical decisions made in alfalfa production is determining which variety to plant. This report summarizes dry matter (DM) yields
Irrigated Alfalfa Variety Performance, 2011-2014; North Logan, Utah

Irrigated Alfalfa Variety Performance, 2011-2014; North Logan, Utah

Alfalfa is the most important crop in Utah, both in terms of acreage and revenue. Although often overlooked, one of the most critical decisions made in alfalfa production is determining which variety to plant. This report summarizes dry matter (DM) yields...

alfalfa
Economics
Research
crops
Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise.
2015 Costs and Returns for Flood Irrigated Alfalfa, Box Elder County

2015 Costs and Returns for Flood Irrigated Alfalfa, Box Elder County

Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise.

small grains
hay
alfalfa
Research
safflower
fertility
corn
crops
pasture
oilseeds
other crops
Scientific communities have researched and debated the issues and benefits of soil sustainability and conservation for decades. From those efforts, “soil health” has emerged as the educational face of efforts to protect and improve the quality and product
Measuring and Building Soil Health

Measuring and Building Soil Health

Scientific communities have researched and debated the issues and benefits of soil sustainability and conservation for decades. From those efforts, “soil health” has emerged as the educational face of efforts to protect and improve the quality and product...

alfalfa
planting
Research
crops
it is critical to weigh the many reasons why alfalfa is actually a quite suitable crop for the West. Below are 10 of the key reasons why alfalfa is suitable in western regions:
Ten Reasons Why Alfalfa is Highly Suitable for the West

Ten Reasons Why Alfalfa is Highly Suitable for the West

it is critical to weigh the many reasons why alfalfa is actually a quite suitable crop for the West. Below are 10 of the key reasons why alfalfa is suitable in western regions:

small grains
Research
corn
oilseeds
tillage
pasture
hay
crops
safflower
alfalfa
other crops
Interest in no-till (NT) crop production practices has increased greatly among Utah farmers and ranchers in recent years. The primary benefits of implementing a cropping system with little or no tillage includes improved soil quality (improved soil moistu
The Ten Most Common Mistakes in Using No-Till

The Ten Most Common Mistakes in Using No-Till

Interest in no-till (NT) crop production practices has increased greatly among Utah farmers and ranchers in recent years. The primary benefits of implementing a cropping system with little or no tillage includes improved soil quality (improved soil moistu...

Research
irrigation
measurement
small grains
hay
corn
safflower
oilseeds
pasture
crops
alfalfa
other crops
Irrigation canals placed in native soil or lined with earth can have seepage water losses varying from 20 percent to more than 50 percent. Well designed, new compacted earth lined canals can have reduced seepage losses similar to concrete lined channels.
Irrigation Canal Lining?

Irrigation Canal Lining?

Irrigation canals placed in native soil or lined with earth can have seepage water losses varying from 20 percent to more than 50 percent. Well designed, new compacted earth lined canals can have reduced seepage losses similar to concrete lined channels. ...

fertility
alfalfa
corn
pasture
oilseeds
Research
safflower
hay
small grains
other crops
crops
The purpose of this fact sheet is to provide general information on forms of fertigation for primary plant nutrient, fertigation timing, and fertigation economics.
Fertigation Facts

Fertigation Facts

The purpose of this fact sheet is to provide general information on forms of fertigation for primary plant nutrient, fertigation timing, and fertigation economics.

alfalfa
pasture
small grains
corn
crops
hay
irrigation
field crops
other crops
Research
oilseeds
safflower
Utah’s climate can often be harsh and unpredictable. As the nation’s second driest state, Utah is commonly subject to droughts. Extensive statewide droughts have often lasted 5 to 6 years. It is imperative that farmers are well prepared to defend against
Defense Against Drought

Defense Against Drought

Utah’s climate can often be harsh and unpredictable. As the nation’s second driest state, Utah is commonly subject to droughts. Extensive statewide droughts have often lasted 5 to 6 years. It is imperative that farmers are well prepared to defend against ...

small grains
Research
fertility
other crops
safflower
pasture
oilseeds
corn
crops
hay
On an field scale, using soil and manure test data together with crop nutrient use information to balance manure and fertilizer nutrients with crop needs.
The Role of Composting and Soil and Manure Testing in Comprehensive Nutrient Management Planning

The Role of Composting and Soil and Manure Testing in Comprehensive Nutrient Management Planning

On an field scale, using soil and manure test data together with crop nutrient use information to balance manure and fertilizer nutrients with crop needs.

Research
irrigation
safflower
small grains
hay
fruit crops
field crops
other crops
corn
fertility
oilseeds
crops
pasture
small farms
Sodic soils are soils with excess sodium. Sodic soils are encountered with increasing frequency in Utah, usually in the lower, flatter areas of our valleys. Sodic soils probably developed over many years when the water table was high and the soils were to
Sodic Soils in Utah

Sodic Soils in Utah

Sodic soils are soils with excess sodium. Sodic soils are encountered with increasing frequency in Utah, usually in the lower, flatter areas of our valleys. Sodic soils probably developed over many years when the water table was high and the soils were to...

hay
pasture
Research
oilseeds
safflower
alfalfa
crops
corn
pests
other crops
small grains
To protect your investment in agricultural pesticides, a boom sprayer should be calibrated at the start of the season and whenever application conditions change. Also, sprayer output should be periodically checked throughout the season to assure proper ap
Boom Sprayer Calibration for Pesticide Applications

Boom Sprayer Calibration for Pesticide Applications

To protect your investment in agricultural pesticides, a boom sprayer should be calibrated at the start of the season and whenever application conditions change. Also, sprayer output should be periodically checked throughout the season to assure proper ap...

corn
Research
fruit crops
other crops
field crops
hay
crops
small farms
landscape
pasture
small grains
alfalfa
safflower
irrigation
oilseeds
If you are connected to a municipal system, your water is probably categorized as “culinary or municipal water” and is used for everything from drinking and bathing to washing the car to watering tomatoes. However the Utah Division of Water Rights takes a
Water Rights in Utah

Water Rights in Utah

If you are connected to a municipal system, your water is probably categorized as “culinary or municipal water” and is used for everything from drinking and bathing to washing the car to watering tomatoes. However the Utah Division of Water Rights takes a...

Research
crops
corn
alfalfa
fertility
The importance of rotating out of a declining alfalfa stand is well established. As the alfalfa stand ages, forage yield and quality decline, while weed, insect, and disease pressures increase.
Considerations for Crop Rotation from Alfalfa to Corn

Considerations for Crop Rotation from Alfalfa to Corn

The importance of rotating out of a declining alfalfa stand is well established. As the alfalfa stand ages, forage yield and quality decline, while weed, insect, and disease pressures increase.

Research
crops
Economics
small grains
Crop Revenue Coverage(CRC), provides revenue protection against a yield loss, a price decline, or a combination of both. CRC is available for these crop and counties Beaver, Box Elder, Cache, Carbon, Davis, Duchesne, Emery, Garfield, Iron, Juab, Millard,
Crop Revenue Coverage 2007 Commodity Insurance Fact Sheet

Crop Revenue Coverage 2007 Commodity Insurance Fact Sheet

Crop Revenue Coverage(CRC), provides revenue protection against a yield loss, a price decline, or a combination of both. CRC is available for these crop and counties Beaver, Box Elder, Cache, Carbon, Davis, Duchesne, Emery, Garfield, Iron, Juab, Millard, ...

Economics
crops
Research
corn
Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise. This research contains sample costs and return
Costs and Returns for Roundup Ready™ Silage Corn

Costs and Returns for Roundup Ready™ Silage Corn

Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise. This research contains sample costs and return...

crops
Economics
small grains
Research
A recent study of wheat producers in the western United States found that wheat growers were actually transitioning out of organic production due to concerns about pest control and profitability. This fact sheet provides an overview of the study results b
Adopting Organic Wheat: Grower Motivations and Concerns

Adopting Organic Wheat: Grower Motivations and Concerns

A recent study of wheat producers in the western United States found that wheat growers were actually transitioning out of organic production due to concerns about pest control and profitability. This fact sheet provides an overview of the study results b...

pests
Research
crops
corn
In Utah, there are typically three generations of corn earworm (CEW) each year. The first generation of adults either come from overwintering pupae (southern and central Utah) or migrate into northern Utah. The adult moth is tannish brown with a 1 1/2 inc
Corn Earworm

Corn Earworm

In Utah, there are typically three generations of corn earworm (CEW) each year. The first generation of adults either come from overwintering pupae (southern and central Utah) or migrate into northern Utah. The adult moth is tannish brown with a 1 1/2 inc...

Economics
Research
small grains
crops
Insurable types of small grains are Wheat, Barley, and Oats that are grown for the production of grain, not forage. Irrigated, non‑irrigated and other production practices are insurable in many counties, as are fall‑ and spring‑planted crops.
Small Grains 2008 Commodity Insurance Fact Sheet

Small Grains 2008 Commodity Insurance Fact Sheet

Insurable types of small grains are Wheat, Barley, and Oats that are grown for the production of grain, not forage. Irrigated, non‑irrigated and other production practices are insurable in many counties, as are fall‑ and spring‑planted crops.

oilseeds
alfalfa
crops
corn
other crops
small grains
safflower
hay
pasture
pests
Research
Pesticides are substances that control unwanted organisms. A pesticide can be used to prevent, destroy, repel, or mitigate pests. Common pest organisms include insects, plants, fungi, bacteria, plant-parasitic nematodes, viruses, snails and slugs, and nui
Understanding Pesticide Risks: Toxicity and Formulation

Understanding Pesticide Risks: Toxicity and Formulation

Pesticides are substances that control unwanted organisms. A pesticide can be used to prevent, destroy, repel, or mitigate pests. Common pest organisms include insects, plants, fungi, bacteria, plant-parasitic nematodes, viruses, snails and slugs, and nui...

small grains
crops
oilseeds
hay
alfalfa
other crops
pasture
corn
safflower
Research
irrigation
A VFD can make sense in a variety of irrigation applications. Here are 6 of the major applications where one might consider a VFD (also see Henry and Stringham, 2013 and USDA-NRCS, 2010):
Variable Frequency Drives for Irrigation Pumps

Variable Frequency Drives for Irrigation Pumps

A VFD can make sense in a variety of irrigation applications. Here are 6 of the major applications where one might consider a VFD (also see Henry and Stringham, 2013 and USDA-NRCS, 2010):

irrigation
pasture
measurement
small grains
oilseeds
Research
other crops
crops
hay
safflower
corn
alfalfa
Accurate water measurement is essential to maintaining equity of water delivery within an irrigation company or water districts. Good management of our scarce water resource is dependent upon quantifying supplies and uses with accurate measurement techniq
How Good is Your Water Measurement?

How Good is Your Water Measurement?

Accurate water measurement is essential to maintaining equity of water delivery within an irrigation company or water districts. Good management of our scarce water resource is dependent upon quantifying supplies and uses with accurate measurement techniq...

other crops
Research
oilseeds
othercrops
fertility
safflower
hay
pasture
corn
crops
General
small grains
alfalfa
This how-to guide will cover benefits and best practices for conducting successful on-farm research.
On-Farm Research Guide

On-Farm Research Guide

This how-to guide will cover benefits and best practices for conducting successful on-farm research.

Research
small grains
disease
crops
Snow molds are diseases caused by fungi that attack small grain crops under snow cover or in cool, wet weather. There are three important types of snow mold fungi that can infect small grains (wheat, barley, and rye) in Utah and they can occur together on
Snow Mold on Small Grains

Snow Mold on Small Grains

Snow molds are diseases caused by fungi that attack small grain crops under snow cover or in cool, wet weather. There are three important types of snow mold fungi that can infect small grains (wheat, barley, and rye) in Utah and they can occur together on...

Research
hay
General
crops
Teff (sometimes spelled tef) [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] is a relatively new forage crop to Utah that has grown in popularity in recent years. It is an annual, warm-season grass that is native to Ethiopia. Teff has fine stems, shallow roots and is no
Teff Hay Production Guidelines for Utah

Teff Hay Production Guidelines for Utah

Teff (sometimes spelled tef) [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] is a relatively new forage crop to Utah that has grown in popularity in recent years. It is an annual, warm-season grass that is native to Ethiopia. Teff has fine stems, shallow roots and is no...

oilseeds
small farms
irrigation
other crops
field crops
alfalfa
corn
safflower
Research
crops
small grains
hay
pasture
The Great Basin is primarily located in Nevada, western Utah, and small sections of southern Oregon and Idaho. The Great Basin is noted for its arid conditions and high percentage of publically owned land. The potential for solar energy generation in the
Economic Feasibility of Solar Photovoltaic Irrigation Systems

Economic Feasibility of Solar Photovoltaic Irrigation Systems

The Great Basin is primarily located in Nevada, western Utah, and small sections of southern Oregon and Idaho. The Great Basin is noted for its arid conditions and high percentage of publically owned land. The potential for solar energy generation in the ...

Research
alfalfa
crops
disease
Downy mildew is an obligate parasite. Even though they look like fungi they are not. They belong to the Oomycota and are more closely related to algae than true fungi. The most common alfalfa downy mildew species in the USA is Peronospora trifoliorum. In
Downy Mildew of Alfalfa

Downy Mildew of Alfalfa

Downy mildew is an obligate parasite. Even though they look like fungi they are not. They belong to the Oomycota and are more closely related to algae than true fungi. The most common alfalfa downy mildew species in the USA is Peronospora trifoliorum. In ...

alfalfa
pests
crops
Research
Alfalfa Stem Nematode (ASN) is a nearly microscopic roundworm that enters the alfalfa plant and lives in the stems and leaves, usually above ground. Under ideal conditions (wet weather in late winter or early spring, at 59-70°F), ASN can complete its life
Alfalfa Stem Nematode

Alfalfa Stem Nematode

Alfalfa Stem Nematode (ASN) is a nearly microscopic roundworm that enters the alfalfa plant and lives in the stems and leaves, usually above ground. Under ideal conditions (wet weather in late winter or early spring, at 59-70°F), ASN can complete its life...

Research
crops
Economics
small grains
This Extension fact sheet provides an overview of the premiums consumers in the Western U.S. are willing to pay for organic wheat products, as well as their knowledge of organic production methods, and opinions and attitudes toward organic food products i
Premium Potential for Organic Wheat Products

Premium Potential for Organic Wheat Products

This Extension fact sheet provides an overview of the premiums consumers in the Western U.S. are willing to pay for organic wheat products, as well as their knowledge of organic production methods, and opinions and attitudes toward organic food products i...

Economics
small grains
crops
Research
A recent study was conducted with wheat growers in the western U.S. which found notable differences in the grower and farm characteristics that influence organic adoption, including older age and the lack of importance of gender and farming experience. Th
Characteristics of Organic Wheat Growers

Characteristics of Organic Wheat Growers

A recent study was conducted with wheat growers in the western U.S. which found notable differences in the grower and farm characteristics that influence organic adoption, including older age and the lack of importance of gender and farming experience. Th...

Economics
crops
corn
Research
Alfalfa is the most important crop in Utah, both in terms of acreage and revenue. Although often overlooked, one of the most critical decisions made in alfalfa production is determining which variety to plant. This report summarizes dry matter (DM) yields
Buying and Selling Corn Silage or Other High Moisture Feeds: Value the Feed not the Water

Buying and Selling Corn Silage or Other High Moisture Feeds: Value the Feed not the Water

Alfalfa is the most important crop in Utah, both in terms of acreage and revenue. Although often overlooked, one of the most critical decisions made in alfalfa production is determining which variety to plant. This report summarizes dry matter (DM) yields...

corn
irrigation
crops
Research
Crop variety selection is one of the most important choices on the farm. Crop genetics determine a significant portion of the yield potential and resource use efficiency. Crop types and genetics that use water more efficiently will become increasingly imp
Drought Tolerance Guide for Corn in Utah

Drought Tolerance Guide for Corn in Utah

Crop variety selection is one of the most important choices on the farm. Crop genetics determine a significant portion of the yield potential and resource use efficiency. Crop types and genetics that use water more efficiently will become increasingly imp...

Economics
Research
crops
safflower
Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise. Tables in this research is intended to be a gu
Costs and Returns for Non-Irrigated Safflower

Costs and Returns for Non-Irrigated Safflower

Enterprise budgets are the building blocks of a farm or ranch. They represent estimates of income and expenses for a specific period of time using a set of production practices and inputs for that enterprise. Tables in this research is intended to be a gu...

Research
fertility
crops
small grains
Nitrogen fertilizer is one of the most expensive crop inputs. It is an essential nutrient for most crops and often increases yield more than any other nutrient. Small grains are no exception to this. Alfalfa is the dominant crop in Utah in terms of area a
Nitrogen Fertilizer Guide for First-Year Small Grains Following Alfalfa

Nitrogen Fertilizer Guide for First-Year Small Grains Following Alfalfa

Nitrogen fertilizer is one of the most expensive crop inputs. It is an essential nutrient for most crops and often increases yield more than any other nutrient. Small grains are no exception to this. Alfalfa is the dominant crop in Utah in terms of area a...

Research
pests
alfalfa
crops
The alfalfa weevil is a major pest throughout Utah. It is a beetle with one generation per year. Eggs hatch in the spring and the grub-like immature weevils (larvae) feed by chewing on the alfalfa foliage. In high numbers, alfalfa weevils can cause severe
Alfalfa Weevil (Hypera postica G.)

Alfalfa Weevil (Hypera postica G.)

The alfalfa weevil is a major pest throughout Utah. It is a beetle with one generation per year. Eggs hatch in the spring and the grub-like immature weevils (larvae) feed by chewing on the alfalfa foliage. In high numbers, alfalfa weevils can cause severe...

alfalfa
Research
crops
pests
Aphids belong in the order Hemiptera and family Aphididae. Aphids are common insects in field and forage crops, with at least six kinds in Utah alfalfa. Aphids can be distinguished from other insects in alfalfa with a hand lens. In general, aphids are sof
Aphids in Alfalfa

Aphids in Alfalfa

Aphids belong in the order Hemiptera and family Aphididae. Aphids are common insects in field and forage crops, with at least six kinds in Utah alfalfa. Aphids can be distinguished from other insects in alfalfa with a hand lens. In general, aphids are sof...

crops
pests
Research
Preparing a pesticide solution is sometimes confusing or intimidating. The instructions for preparing the mixture in the spray tank are not always straight forward and the language is not always standardized.
Three Options for Mixing and Loading Spray Tanks

Three Options for Mixing and Loading Spray Tanks

Preparing a pesticide solution is sometimes confusing or intimidating. The instructions for preparing the mixture in the spray tank are not always straight forward and the language is not always standardized.