Gardening Research Articles

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gardening
grass
gardening basics
The techniques and tools most effective for managing weeds.
Landscape and Garden Weed Control

Landscape and Garden Weed Control

The techniques and tools most effective for managing weeds.

Research
gardening
This fact sheet introduces the different types of grapes and provides suggestions of grape varieties that can be grown in Utah.
Grape Varieties for Utah

Grape Varieties for Utah

This fact sheet introduces the different types of grapes and provides suggestions of grape varieties that can be grown in Utah.

Trees
Research
cwel publications
gardening
selection
cwel research
Gambel oak (Quercus gambelii Nutt.), commonly called scrub oak, Rocky Mountain white oak, or Utah white oak, is native to the western part of the U.S., including Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Wyoming, and Arizona.
Gambel Oak in the Landscape

Gambel Oak in the Landscape

Gambel oak (Quercus gambelii Nutt.), commonly called scrub oak, Rocky Mountain white oak, or Utah white oak, is native to the western part of the U.S., including Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Wyoming, and Arizona.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Lettuce is a cool-season vegetable that prefers sunny locations and fertile, well-drained soil. Plant seeds ¼-½ inch deep, 2-3 weeks before the last frost. Final spacing for head lettuce should be 8-12 inches apart in the row with rows 12-18 inches apart.
Lettuce in the Garden

Lettuce in the Garden

Lettuce is a cool-season vegetable that prefers sunny locations and fertile, well-drained soil. Plant seeds ¼-½ inch deep, 2-3 weeks before the last frost. Final spacing for head lettuce should be 8-12 inches apart in the row with rows 12-18 inches apart....

gardening
planting-dates
Research
Listed below are suggested vegetable planting dates for an average year along the Wasatch Front. Of course, each season has its own unique weather conditions. The “Average Planting Date” is for the initial planting. With crops such as broccoli, radish, ca
Suggested Vegetable Planting Dates For the Wasatch Front

Suggested Vegetable Planting Dates For the Wasatch Front

Listed below are suggested vegetable planting dates for an average year along the Wasatch Front. Of course, each season has its own unique weather conditions. The “Average Planting Date” is for the initial planting. With crops such as broccoli, radish, ca...

Research
gardening basics
cwel irrigation
gardening
Due to water costs, and increasing water demands, gardeners need to be concerned about conservation. One effective way to conserve water is by utilizing drip irrigation.
Designing a Basic PVC Home Garden Drip Irrigation System

Designing a Basic PVC Home Garden Drip Irrigation System

Due to water costs, and increasing water demands, gardeners need to be concerned about conservation. One effective way to conserve water is by utilizing drip irrigation.

fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Research
How to grow tomatoes in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.
Tomatoes in the Garden

Tomatoes in the Garden

How to grow tomatoes in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.

gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Research
How to grow potatoes in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.
Potatoes in the Garden

Potatoes in the Garden

How to grow potatoes in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.

gardening
Research
fruit vegetable herb
How to grow sweet corn in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.
Sweet corn in the Garden

Sweet corn in the Garden

How to grow sweet corn in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.

gardening
soil
Research
A good garden soil is deep, loose, fertile, well-drained, near neutral, and has a lot of decayed organic matter. The ideal is seldom available, so the good gardener may have to improve what is at hand!
Preparing Garden Soil

Preparing Garden Soil

A good garden soil is deep, loose, fertile, well-drained, near neutral, and has a lot of decayed organic matter. The ideal is seldom available, so the good gardener may have to improve what is at hand!

gardening
Research
fruit vegetable herb
Growing goji in Utah by USU Extension educators.
Goji In The Garden

Goji In The Garden

Growing goji in Utah by USU Extension educators.

fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Research
Sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) are a delicious crop that is high in vitamin content. It is a warm season crop that grows best in long, hot growing seasons.
Sweet Potatoes in the Garden

Sweet Potatoes in the Garden

Sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) are a delicious crop that is high in vitamin content. It is a warm season crop that grows best in long, hot growing seasons.

gardening
Research
fruit vegetable herb
Carrots are cool season vegetables that prefer sunny locations and fertile, deep, well-drained soils. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.
Carrots in the Garden

Carrots in the Garden

Carrots are cool season vegetables that prefer sunny locations and fertile, deep, well-drained soils. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.

gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Research
How to grow summer and winer squash in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialists Dan Drost and Rick Heflebower.
Summer and Winter Squash in the Garden

Summer and Winter Squash in the Garden

How to grow summer and winer squash in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialists Dan Drost and Rick Heflebower.

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
This article describes basil in the garden, varieties, how to grow, problems, harvesting and storage, productivity, nutrition, and frequently asked questions.
Basil in the Garden

Basil in the Garden

This article describes basil in the garden, varieties, how to grow, problems, harvesting and storage, productivity, nutrition, and frequently asked questions.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Broccoli is a cool season vegetable that prefers sunny locations and fertile, well-drained soil. Incorporate some organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.
Broccoli in the Garden

Broccoli in the Garden

Broccoli is a cool season vegetable that prefers sunny locations and fertile, well-drained soil. Incorporate some organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Watermelons grow best in sunny locations and in fertile, well-drained soils. There are several varieties of watermelon, and most grow well in Utah.
Watermelon in the Garden

Watermelon in the Garden

Watermelons grow best in sunny locations and in fertile, well-drained soils. There are several varieties of watermelon, and most grow well in Utah.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Mustard is a cool season vegetable that prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soils. Plant seeds ½ inch deep. Thin seedlings or transplant mustard 3 inches apart in row with rows 12 inches apart.
Mustard in the Garden

Mustard in the Garden

Mustard is a cool season vegetable that prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soils. Plant seeds ½ inch deep. Thin seedlings or transplant mustard 3 inches apart in row with rows 12 inches apart.

fruit vegetable herb
Research
gardening
Kale is a cool season vegetable that prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soil. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.
Kale in the Garden

Kale in the Garden

Kale is a cool season vegetable that prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soil. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Beans are a great addition to your garden. Learn what varieties grow best in Utah, how to grow beans successfully, and how to control weeds and pests.
Beans in the Garden

Beans in the Garden

Beans are a great addition to your garden. Learn what varieties grow best in Utah, how to grow beans successfully, and how to control weeds and pests.

Research
vegetables
Peas
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Peas are a great addition to your garden. Learn about the different varieties, ideal soil conditions, and how to prevents weeds and insects.
Peas in the Garden

Peas in the Garden

Peas are a great addition to your garden. Learn about the different varieties, ideal soil conditions, and how to prevents weeds and insects.

garlic
Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Garlic is a hardy perennial that grows best in full sun and fertile, well-drained soils. Explore the best methods for planting and ensuring a great harvest.
Garlic in the Garden

Garlic in the Garden

Garlic is a hardy perennial that grows best in full sun and fertile, well-drained soils. Explore the best methods for planting and ensuring a great harvest.

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Cilantro/coriander is a cool-season herb that grows best in full sun and fertile, well-drained soils. Explore the best varieties to grow in Utah, and learn how to properly care for the herb to get a great harvest.
Cilantro/Coriander in the Garden

Cilantro/Coriander in the Garden

Cilantro/coriander is a cool-season herb that grows best in full sun and fertile, well-drained soils. Explore the best varieties to grow in Utah, and learn how to properly care for the herb to get a great harvest.

fruit vegetable herb
Research
gardening
New Zealand spinach is a warm season alternative to regular spinach that does well in hot, dry conditions. Soak seeds in water for 24 hours prior to planting to hasten germination.
New Zealand Spinach in the Garden

New Zealand Spinach in the Garden

New Zealand spinach is a warm season alternative to regular spinach that does well in hot, dry conditions. Soak seeds in water for 24 hours prior to planting to hasten germination.

fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Research
How to grow beets in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.
Beets in the Garden

Beets in the Garden

How to grow beets in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Calendula, also called pot marigold, is an annual herb grown for its medicinal blooms, edible leaves and stems. It grows best in fertile, well drained soils from full sun to part shade.
Calendula in the Garden

Calendula in the Garden

Calendula, also called pot marigold, is an annual herb grown for its medicinal blooms, edible leaves and stems. It grows best in fertile, well drained soils from full sun to part shade.

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) is an easy to grow herb that requires warm, humid conditions, full sunlight and plenty of moisture. It is a tender perennial that is commonly grown as an annual in cooler areas of Utah.
Lemongrass in the Garden

Lemongrass in the Garden

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) is an easy to grow herb that requires warm, humid conditions, full sunlight and plenty of moisture. It is a tender perennial that is commonly grown as an annual in cooler areas of Utah.

fruit vegetable herb
Research
gardening
Mint is a rapid growing perennial herb with many varieties that grow up to 3 feet tall and are quite invasive. Mint grows best in full sun to partial shade, should be planted early in the growing season and is generally hardy to -20° F.
Mint in the Garden

Mint in the Garden

Mint is a rapid growing perennial herb with many varieties that grow up to 3 feet tall and are quite invasive. Mint grows best in full sun to partial shade, should be planted early in the growing season and is generally hardy to -20° F.

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Peppers are a great addition to any garden. Explore tips for growing and harvesting peppers, including which variety to plant and how to prevent insects and diseases.
Peppers in the Garden

Peppers in the Garden

Peppers are a great addition to any garden. Explore tips for growing and harvesting peppers, including which variety to plant and how to prevent insects and diseases.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Cantaloupes grow best in sunny locations and in fertile, well-drained soils. Incorporate organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.
Cantaloupe (Muskmelon) in the Garden

Cantaloupe (Muskmelon) in the Garden

Cantaloupes grow best in sunny locations and in fertile, well-drained soils. Incorporate organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Chicory is a cool-season vegetable that prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soils. Two garden types of chicory include witloof (grown for its root), and radicchio (grown for its head of leaves).
Chicory in the Garden

Chicory in the Garden

Chicory is a cool-season vegetable that prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soils. Two garden types of chicory include witloof (grown for its root), and radicchio (grown for its head of leaves).

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Cucumbers grow best in sunny locations and in fertile, well drained soils. Incorporate organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.
Cucumber in the Garden

Cucumber in the Garden

Cucumbers grow best in sunny locations and in fertile, well drained soils. Incorporate organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.

gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Research
How to grow pumpkins in the garden by Utah State University Extension faculty.
Pumpkins in the Garden

Pumpkins in the Garden

How to grow pumpkins in the garden by Utah State University Extension faculty.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
How to grow Swiss chard in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.
Swiss Chard in the Garden

Swiss Chard in the Garden

How to grow Swiss chard in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.

gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Research
Artichoke prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soils. Learn how to grow artichoke successfully, and how to avoid problems with weeds and pests.
Artichoke in the Garden

Artichoke in the Garden

Artichoke prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soils. Learn how to grow artichoke successfully, and how to avoid problems with weeds and pests.

fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Research
Chives are cool-season, cold-tolerant perennials that prefer full sun and fertile, well-drained soils. Seeds should be planted ¼ inch deep and final plant spacing should be 4-6 inches apart in all directions.
Chives in the Garden

Chives in the Garden

Chives are cool-season, cold-tolerant perennials that prefer full sun and fertile, well-drained soils. Seeds should be planted ¼ inch deep and final plant spacing should be 4-6 inches apart in all directions.

fruit vegetable herb
Research
gardening
Walnuts are commonly found across much of the United States When purchasing walnut trees for nut production, two important aspects to consider include approximate flowering and ripening times.
Walnuts in the Home Orchard

Walnuts in the Home Orchard

Walnuts are commonly found across much of the United States When purchasing walnut trees for nut production, two important aspects to consider include approximate flowering and ripening times.

fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Research
Eggplant prefers a sunny location, a long growing season, and fertile, well-drained soil for best yields. Do not plant too early as plants are killed by light frost and grow poorly in cool conditions.
Eggplant in the Garden

Eggplant in the Garden

Eggplant prefers a sunny location, a long growing season, and fertile, well-drained soil for best yields. Do not plant too early as plants are killed by light frost and grow poorly in cool conditions.

fruit vegetable herb
Research
gardening
Leek is a hardy cool-season biennial that prefers full sun and fertile, well-drained soils. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting
Leeks in the Garden

Leeks in the Garden

Leek is a hardy cool-season biennial that prefers full sun and fertile, well-drained soils. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting

fruit vegetable herb
Research
gardening
How to grow asparagus in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.
Asparagus in the Garden

Asparagus in the Garden

How to grow asparagus in the garden by USU Extension Vegetable Specialist Dan Drost.

fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Research
Spinach is a cool-season vegetable that prefers sunny locations and fertile, well-drained soil. Plant seeds ½ inch deep, 2-3 weeks before the last frost in the spring.
Spinach in the Garden

Spinach in the Garden

Spinach is a cool-season vegetable that prefers sunny locations and fertile, well-drained soil. Plant seeds ½ inch deep, 2-3 weeks before the last frost in the spring.

gardening
Research
fruit vegetable herb
Brussels sprouts are cool season vegetables that prefer a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soil. Get tips and tricks for growing and caring for brussel sprouts so that you have a successful harvest.
Brussel Sprouts in the Garden

Brussel Sprouts in the Garden

Brussels sprouts are cool season vegetables that prefer a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soil. Get tips and tricks for growing and caring for brussel sprouts so that you have a successful harvest.

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Hops are a perennial plant that can be harvested for many years. Growing hops is relatively easy if plants are grown in soil rich in organic matter and provided with sufficient vertical space for vine extension. Hops are a vigorous growing vine that requi
Hops in the Garden

Hops in the Garden

Hops are a perennial plant that can be harvested for many years. Growing hops is relatively easy if plants are grown in soil rich in organic matter and provided with sufficient vertical space for vine extension. Hops are a vigorous growing vine that requi...

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
This article describes peaches and includes recommended cultivars for Utah, how to grow them; pests and disease;, and harvest, storage and use information.
Peaches in the Garden

Peaches in the Garden

This article describes peaches and includes recommended cultivars for Utah, how to grow them; pests and disease;, and harvest, storage and use information.

fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Research
Dill (Anethum graveolens) is a common, aromatic garden herb, known for its culinary and medicinal properties. Dill prefers full sun, welldrained, low fertility soils and grows best from seed. Cover seeds lightly with soil.
Dill in the Garden

Dill in the Garden

Dill (Anethum graveolens) is a common, aromatic garden herb, known for its culinary and medicinal properties. Dill prefers full sun, welldrained, low fertility soils and grows best from seed. Cover seeds lightly with soil.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Summary Haskap berries are a relatively new crop in the United States and subsequently, the home garden. Haskaps, Lonicera caerulea L., are a long-lived, extremely hardy shrub
Haskap in the Garden

Haskap in the Garden

Summary Haskap berries are a relatively new crop in the United States and subsequently, the home garden. Haskaps, Lonicera caerulea L., are a long-lived, extremely hardy shrub

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
This fact sheet describes onions, recommended varieties, how to grow, planting and spacing, problems, harvest and storage, and nutrition.
Onions in the Garden

Onions in the Garden

This fact sheet describes onions, recommended varieties, how to grow, planting and spacing, problems, harvest and storage, and nutrition.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Garden cress or pepper-grass is an annual herb that was introduced to the United States from China. Garden cress grows best in cultivated areas that receive full sun or partial shade with moist soils.
Garden Cress in the Garden

Garden Cress in the Garden

Garden cress or pepper-grass is an annual herb that was introduced to the United States from China. Garden cress grows best in cultivated areas that receive full sun or partial shade with moist soils.

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Celery grows to a height of 18 to 24 inches and is composed of leaf topped stalks arranged in a cone that are joined at a common base. The stalks have a crunchy texture and a delicate, but mildly salty taste
Celery in the Garden

Celery in the Garden

Celery grows to a height of 18 to 24 inches and is composed of leaf topped stalks arranged in a cone that are joined at a common base. The stalks have a crunchy texture and a delicate, but mildly salty taste

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis), also called heart’s delight, lemon mint, balm mint, blue balm, garden balm, or sweet balm, is a useful perennial herb for the garden.
Lemon Balm in the Garden

Lemon Balm in the Garden

Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis), also called heart’s delight, lemon mint, balm mint, blue balm, garden balm, or sweet balm, is a useful perennial herb for the garden.

gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Research
Horseradish is a hardy perennial vegetable that is grown for its thick yellowish to white taproot
Horseradish in the Garden

Horseradish in the Garden

Horseradish is a hardy perennial vegetable that is grown for its thick yellowish to white taproot

gardening
Research
fruit vegetable herb
Poppy (Papever somniferum) is a 2 to 3 feet tall hardy annual, grown for its seeds, which are used for culinary purposes. Poppy grows best in full sun and requires well-drained, fertile soil.
Seed Poppy in the Garden

Seed Poppy in the Garden

Poppy (Papever somniferum) is a 2 to 3 feet tall hardy annual, grown for its seeds, which are used for culinary purposes. Poppy grows best in full sun and requires well-drained, fertile soil.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Apricots (Prunus armeniaca) originated in China, but can be grown in most of the western world including much of Utah. Like peaches, plums, and cherries, apricots have a large, hard pit or ‘stone’ in the fruit and are considered ‘stone fruits’.
Apricots in the Home Garden

Apricots in the Home Garden

Apricots (Prunus armeniaca) originated in China, but can be grown in most of the western world including much of Utah. Like peaches, plums, and cherries, apricots have a large, hard pit or ‘stone’ in the fruit and are considered ‘stone fruits’.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Peanuts are not commonly grown in Utah, but certain types can be productive when the frost-free growing season is more than 110. Learn more types and tricks for growing peanuts in your own garden!
Peanuts in the Garden

Peanuts in the Garden

Peanuts are not commonly grown in Utah, but certain types can be productive when the frost-free growing season is more than 110. Learn more types and tricks for growing peanuts in your own garden!

gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Research
Okra is a warm-season crop often grown in southern gardens where summers are hot and long. However, some varieties are well suited for Utah gardens.
Okra in the Garden

Okra in the Garden

Okra is a warm-season crop often grown in southern gardens where summers are hot and long. However, some varieties are well suited for Utah gardens.

Research
soil
gardening
General
Learn the basics of clay, silt and sand soils with an emphasis on gardening in soils with high sand content. Get tips for gardening tips for managing sandy soils, and the types of plants that grow best in sandy soils.
Gardening in Sandy Soils

Gardening in Sandy Soils

Learn the basics of clay, silt and sand soils with an emphasis on gardening in soils with high sand content. Get tips for gardening tips for managing sandy soils, and the types of plants that grow best in sandy soils.

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Black salsify (Scorzonera hispanica), is also known as Spanish salsify. Black salsify is a cool season crop grown primarily for its long, brown-black roots, but its leaves can also be used as fresh greens for salads
Black Salsify in the Garden

Black Salsify in the Garden

Black salsify (Scorzonera hispanica), is also known as Spanish salsify. Black salsify is a cool season crop grown primarily for its long, brown-black roots, but its leaves can also be used as fresh greens for salads

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Cauliflower is a cool season vegetable that prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soil. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.
Cauliflower in the Garden

Cauliflower in the Garden

Cauliflower is a cool season vegetable that prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soil. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.

gardening
Research
fruit vegetable herb
Referred as “a chef’s best friend,” French Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) is an essential aromatic herb. Other common names include estragon, dragon sagewort, or German tarragon, but it should not be confused with the closely related Russian tarragon.
French Tarragon in the Garden

French Tarragon in the Garden

Referred as “a chef’s best friend,” French Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus) is an essential aromatic herb. Other common names include estragon, dragon sagewort, or German tarragon, but it should not be confused with the closely related Russian tarragon.

fruit vegetable herb
Research
gardening
Cabbage is a cool season vegetable that prefers sunny locations and fertile, well-drained soil. Incorporate some organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting. Plant seeds ¼-½ inch deep, 2-3 weeks before the last fro
Cabbage in the Garden

Cabbage in the Garden

Cabbage is a cool season vegetable that prefers sunny locations and fertile, well-drained soil. Incorporate some organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting. Plant seeds ¼-½ inch deep, 2-3 weeks before the last fro

gardening
Research
fruit vegetable herb
Horehound (Marrubium vulgare) is a tender drought hardy perennial and a member of the mint family
Horehound in the Garden

Horehound in the Garden

Horehound (Marrubium vulgare) is a tender drought hardy perennial and a member of the mint family

gardening
Research
fruit vegetable herb
Fennel contributes a fragrant licorice flavor to Mediterranean and Italian cooking and fennel seed is commonly used as a seasoning in sausage. Varieties of common fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) are grown for seed and plants have an appearance similar to dill
Fennel in the Garden

Fennel in the Garden

Fennel contributes a fragrant licorice flavor to Mediterranean and Italian cooking and fennel seed is commonly used as a seasoning in sausage. Varieties of common fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) are grown for seed and plants have an appearance similar to dill...

fruit vegetable herb
Research
gardening
Parsnips are cool season vegetables that prefer sunny locations and fertile, deep, well-drained soils. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and an all-purpose fertilizer into the area before planting
Parsnips in the Garden

Parsnips in the Garden

Parsnips are cool season vegetables that prefer sunny locations and fertile, deep, well-drained soils. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and an all-purpose fertilizer into the area before planting

gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Research
Kohlrabi is a cool season vegetable that prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soil. Incorporate some organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.
Kohlrabi in the Garden

Kohlrabi in the Garden

Kohlrabi is a cool season vegetable that prefers a sunny location and fertile, well-drained soil. Incorporate some organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting.

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Rutabagas and turnips are cool season vegetables that prefer sunny locations and fertile, deep, well-drained soils. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and an all-purpose fertilizer into the area before planting.
Rutabagas and Turnips in the Garden

Rutabagas and Turnips in the Garden

Rutabagas and turnips are cool season vegetables that prefer sunny locations and fertile, deep, well-drained soils. Incorporate plenty of organic matter and an all-purpose fertilizer into the area before planting.

fruit vegetable herb
Research
gardening
How to grow popcorn in the garden by Utah State University Extension faculty.
Popcorn in the Garden

Popcorn in the Garden

How to grow popcorn in the garden by Utah State University Extension faculty.

gardening
Research
flowers
perennials
specific plants
Wisteria is a vigorous, cold-hardy, long-lived, true climbing/twining vine best known for large panicles of beautiful spring blooming flowers.
Wisteria in the Garden

Wisteria in the Garden

Wisteria is a vigorous, cold-hardy, long-lived, true climbing/twining vine best known for large panicles of beautiful spring blooming flowers.

gardening
Research
gardening basics
There are many reasons to choose a raised bed garden over a traditional in-ground garden. Learn how to build a raised bed garden, how to prepare soil, irrigate, and extending the growing season.
Raised Bed Gardening

Raised Bed Gardening

There are many reasons to choose a raised bed garden over a traditional in-ground garden. Learn how to build a raised bed garden, how to prepare soil, irrigate, and extending the growing season.

Research
grass
gardening
Weeds
Weed prevention through proper turf establishment and maintenance is the best practical approach for long-term weed control, and is less expensive than controlling weeds later. Aspects of prevention include using best management practices such as proper m
Weed Control Options for Residential Lawns in Utah

Weed Control Options for Residential Lawns in Utah

Weed prevention through proper turf establishment and maintenance is the best practical approach for long-term weed control, and is less expensive than controlling weeds later. Aspects of prevention include using best management practices such as proper m...

Research
gardening
gardening basics
Many home gardeners are interested in harvesting and storing their own vegetable seeds. For gardeners who have had this in mind, there are several aspects to consider.
Collecting and Storing Seeds from Your Garden

Collecting and Storing Seeds from Your Garden

Many home gardeners are interested in harvesting and storing their own vegetable seeds. For gardeners who have had this in mind, there are several aspects to consider.

Research
gardening
fertilize
grass
Lawns provide a durable and functional surface for many outdoor activities while adding beauty to the landscape. For these reasons, a healthy, green lawn is the goal of many homeowners and landscape managers.
Lawn Fertilizers for Cool Season Turf

Lawn Fertilizers for Cool Season Turf

Lawns provide a durable and functional surface for many outdoor activities while adding beauty to the landscape. For these reasons, a healthy, green lawn is the goal of many homeowners and landscape managers.

gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Research
This bulletin presents appropriate information pertaining to growing apple trees in the home orchard. Success depends on several key factors.
Apple Production and Variety Recommendations for the Utah Home Garden

Apple Production and Variety Recommendations for the Utah Home Garden

This bulletin presents appropriate information pertaining to growing apple trees in the home orchard. Success depends on several key factors.

Research
Trees
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Training and pruning are critical parts of growing a productive apple tree. The rewards of proper training are a tree that is easy to harvest, has sustained high yields, and quality fruit.
Training and Pruning Apple Trees

Training and Pruning Apple Trees

Training and pruning are critical parts of growing a productive apple tree. The rewards of proper training are a tree that is easy to harvest, has sustained high yields, and quality fruit.

gardening basics
Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
You’ve done all of the work to grow great vegetables and fruits. Now, how do you know when to harvest them? Are there ways to store part of the harvest to enjoy during fall and winter time?
Harvest and Storage of Vegetables and Fruits

Harvest and Storage of Vegetables and Fruits

You’ve done all of the work to grow great vegetables and fruits. Now, how do you know when to harvest them? Are there ways to store part of the harvest to enjoy during fall and winter time?

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Wasabia japonica is a challenging plant to grow successfully in Utah due to the hot arid climate combined with freezing winters. It is thought to be one of the rarest and most difficult vegetables to grow in the world.
Wasabi in the Garden

Wasabi in the Garden

Wasabia japonica is a challenging plant to grow successfully in Utah due to the hot arid climate combined with freezing winters. It is thought to be one of the rarest and most difficult vegetables to grow in the world.

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fruit vegetable herb
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The Wasatch Front is the urban corridor in Utah extending from Brigham City to Payson along the Wasatch Mountain Range. Roughly 80% of Utah’s population lives in this region.
Local Fruit and Vegetable Availability along the Wasatch Front

Local Fruit and Vegetable Availability along the Wasatch Front

The Wasatch Front is the urban corridor in Utah extending from Brigham City to Payson along the Wasatch Mountain Range. Roughly 80% of Utah’s population lives in this region.

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fruit vegetable herb
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There are so many vegetable varieties available, how do you select good ones for the home garden? Which ones are adapted and grow well in my area? This article gives you some answers to these questions.
Home Vegetable Garden-Variety Recommendations for Utah

Home Vegetable Garden-Variety Recommendations for Utah

There are so many vegetable varieties available, how do you select good ones for the home garden? Which ones are adapted and grow well in my area? This article gives you some answers to these questions.

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Urban and suburban landscapes present special challenges concerning shrub selection in Utah. Due to our distinctive climate, shrubs must be able to withstand intense sunlight, low relative humidity, drying winds, and limited seasonal precipitation.
Shrub Selection for Utah Landscapes

Shrub Selection for Utah Landscapes

Urban and suburban landscapes present special challenges concerning shrub selection in Utah. Due to our distinctive climate, shrubs must be able to withstand intense sunlight, low relative humidity, drying winds, and limited seasonal precipitation.

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Gooseberries are relatively easy to grow and yield rewarding, tart berries perfect for pies and jellies. Gooseberry bushes have arching branches and are usually 3 to 5 feet high and wide. They have inconspicuous small green and pink flowers that are self-
Gooseberries in the Garden

Gooseberries in the Garden

Gooseberries are relatively easy to grow and yield rewarding, tart berries perfect for pies and jellies. Gooseberry bushes have arching branches and are usually 3 to 5 feet high and wide. They have inconspicuous small green and pink flowers that are self-...

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Blackberries can be grown successfully in Utah but careful cultivar selection and care is needed. Harsh winters and frequent late spring frosts often result in significant blackberry cane damage and crop loss.
Blackberry Management in Utah

Blackberry Management in Utah

Blackberries can be grown successfully in Utah but careful cultivar selection and care is needed. Harsh winters and frequent late spring frosts often result in significant blackberry cane damage and crop loss.

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Almonds (Prunus dulcis) are a close cousin to peaches and nectarines, but are not generally as cold tolerant. Almonds are currently not a recommended crop in northern Utah, including the warmest parts of the Wasatch Front.
Almonds in the Home Garden

Almonds in the Home Garden

Almonds (Prunus dulcis) are a close cousin to peaches and nectarines, but are not generally as cold tolerant. Almonds are currently not a recommended crop in northern Utah, including the warmest parts of the Wasatch Front.

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Common bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) has become a well established weed in many lawns and gardens throughout the southwest. It is sometimes grown intentionally as a turfgrass on golf courses, or lawns.
Bermudagrass, is it here to stay?

Bermudagrass, is it here to stay?

Common bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) has become a well established weed in many lawns and gardens throughout the southwest. It is sometimes grown intentionally as a turfgrass on golf courses, or lawns.

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Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) has been cultivated for thousands of years and was introduced to North America in the seventeenth century. Rhubarb is an easy to grow, nutritious vegetable that can live in the garden for 10 to 15 years, and deserves more at
Rhubarb in the Garden

Rhubarb in the Garden

Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) has been cultivated for thousands of years and was introduced to North America in the seventeenth century. Rhubarb is an easy to grow, nutritious vegetable that can live in the garden for 10 to 15 years, and deserves more at...

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Red currants are hardy and relatively easy to grow in Utah. A few plants will produce enough to supply a family with plenty of antioxidant-rich berries. They are easy to tuck into a landscape and are a wonderful addition as a border plant or on their own
Red Currants in the Garden

Red Currants in the Garden

Red currants are hardy and relatively easy to grow in Utah. A few plants will produce enough to supply a family with plenty of antioxidant-rich berries. They are easy to tuck into a landscape and are a wonderful addition as a border plant or on their own ...

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A great garden starts with healthy soil. In Utah, there are unique considerations for creating and maintaining healthy soils.
Preparing and Improving Garden Soil

Preparing and Improving Garden Soil

A great garden starts with healthy soil. In Utah, there are unique considerations for creating and maintaining healthy soils.

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General
soil
gardening
This fact sheet covers the basics of clay, silt and sand soils with an emphasis on gardening in soils with a high clay content. It includes information on the composition of clay soils, gardening tips for managing clay soils, and the types of plants that
Gardening in Clay Soils

Gardening in Clay Soils

This fact sheet covers the basics of clay, silt and sand soils with an emphasis on gardening in soils with a high clay content. It includes information on the composition of clay soils, gardening tips for managing clay soils, and the types of plants that ...

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The basic practices of turfgrass care include mowing, fertilization, and irrigation. In Utah, our climate has a unique effect on the turfgrasses that we grow and proper basic care will help to keep your lawn healthy and attractive.
Basic Turfgrass Care

Basic Turfgrass Care

The basic practices of turfgrass care include mowing, fertilization, and irrigation. In Utah, our climate has a unique effect on the turfgrasses that we grow and proper basic care will help to keep your lawn healthy and attractive.

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fruit vegetable herb
Three types of plum are commonly grown in Utah: European, Japanese and American species. These species vary in where they are successfully grown and for what the fruit will be used for. Before planting in the home orchard, planning helps ensure success.
Plums in the Home Garden

Plums in the Home Garden

Three types of plum are commonly grown in Utah: European, Japanese and American species. These species vary in where they are successfully grown and for what the fruit will be used for. Before planting in the home orchard, planning helps ensure success.

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Cosmos is native to Mexico with daisy like flowers that come in an array of colors. Once established, Cosmos needs little water, no fertilizer and not much care, which makes it well suited to Utah’s climate.
Cosmos in the Garden

Cosmos in the Garden

Cosmos is native to Mexico with daisy like flowers that come in an array of colors. Once established, Cosmos needs little water, no fertilizer and not much care, which makes it well suited to Utah’s climate.

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Historically, Utah has not been a significant blackberry producer. This is likely due to harsh winters and frequent late spring frosts, which result in significant crop loss.
Selecting Blackberry Cultivars for Utah

Selecting Blackberry Cultivars for Utah

Historically, Utah has not been a significant blackberry producer. This is likely due to harsh winters and frequent late spring frosts, which result in significant crop loss.

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Hazelnuts or filberts can be useful crops for home food production or hobbyists in Utah. Several species have nuts with good flavor, with American, beaked and certain hybrid types most likely to produce consistently.
Hazelnuts in the Home Orchard

Hazelnuts in the Home Orchard

Hazelnuts or filberts can be useful crops for home food production or hobbyists in Utah. Several species have nuts with good flavor, with American, beaked and certain hybrid types most likely to produce consistently.

Trees
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Trees and shrubs are valuable additions to most property, providing beauty, wind protection, shade, wildlife habitat, visual screening, and other benefits. Here we describe up-to-date, research-proven techniques for planting landscape trees and for post-p
Planting Landscape Trees

Planting Landscape Trees

Trees and shrubs are valuable additions to most property, providing beauty, wind protection, shade, wildlife habitat, visual screening, and other benefits. Here we describe up-to-date, research-proven techniques for planting landscape trees and for post-p...

fruit vegetable herb
gardening
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BCTV causes the disease known as curly top of tomato. This virus can infect a wide range of host plants and usually occurs in semiarid areas in western North America, from Canada to Mexico. BLH can transmit the disease to a wide variety of plants, includi
Curly Top of Tomato

Curly Top of Tomato

BCTV causes the disease known as curly top of tomato. This virus can infect a wide range of host plants and usually occurs in semiarid areas in western North America, from Canada to Mexico. BLH can transmit the disease to a wide variety of plants, includi...

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fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Nanking Cherry (Prunus tomentosa) is native to northern China and naturalized in Japan, Russia, and other northern regions of the continent. It has become a staple back yard garden plant in Russia and much of Eastern Europe.
Nanking Cherry in the Garden

Nanking Cherry in the Garden

Nanking Cherry (Prunus tomentosa) is native to northern China and naturalized in Japan, Russia, and other northern regions of the continent. It has become a staple back yard garden plant in Russia and much of Eastern Europe.

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Pomegranates prefer full sun and although they will grow in part-shade the sun is needed to produce sugars and reach full flavor.
Pomegranate, Fruit of the Desert

Pomegranate, Fruit of the Desert

Pomegranates prefer full sun and although they will grow in part-shade the sun is needed to produce sugars and reach full flavor.

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perennials
English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolias) thrives in full sun, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.5-7.5. Grow in full sun. Climates suitable for lavender range from zones 5 to 10 on the USDA hardiness scale. It does not perform well in wet or water-logged
English Lavender in the Garden

English Lavender in the Garden

English Lavender (Lavandula angustifolias) thrives in full sun, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.5-7.5. Grow in full sun. Climates suitable for lavender range from zones 5 to 10 on the USDA hardiness scale. It does not perform well in wet or water-logged ...

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Watercress is a sun and water loving perennial that grows naturally along running waterways. Watercress has a preferred pH range of 6.5 to 7.5. The plant does well in varying soil conditions provided the soils stay saturated with water.
Watercress in the Garden

Watercress in the Garden

Watercress is a sun and water loving perennial that grows naturally along running waterways. Watercress has a preferred pH range of 6.5 to 7.5. The plant does well in varying soil conditions provided the soils stay saturated with water.

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Learn how to grow radishes in Utah gardens.
Radishes in the Garden

Radishes in the Garden

Learn how to grow radishes in Utah gardens.

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Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana), also known as bitter-berry or wild cherry, is usually grown as a large shrub but can also be trained to be a small tree.
Chokecherry in the Garden

Chokecherry in the Garden

Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana), also known as bitter-berry or wild cherry, is usually grown as a large shrub but can also be trained to be a small tree.

fruit vegetable herb
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Research
Learn how to grow strawberries in Utah gardens.
Strawberries in the Garden

Strawberries in the Garden

Learn how to grow strawberries in Utah gardens.

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fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Learn how to grow raspberries in Utah from USU Extension.
Raspberry Management for Utah

Raspberry Management for Utah

Learn how to grow raspberries in Utah from USU Extension.

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For many purposes, the turfgrass seed that may be purchased from a reputable garden center or nursery will usually fit the needs for most Utah lawns. When making such a purchase, look for a quality mixture of named turfgrass varieties avoiding those seed
Turfgrass Cultivars for Utah

Turfgrass Cultivars for Utah

For many purposes, the turfgrass seed that may be purchased from a reputable garden center or nursery will usually fit the needs for most Utah lawns. When making such a purchase, look for a quality mixture of named turfgrass varieties avoiding those seed ...

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grass
Successful establishment of a lawn is best achieved with careful planning, soil preparation, appropriate seed or sod choice, and an understanding of turfgrass requirements.
Preparing Soil for Turfgrass Establishment – Northern Utah

Preparing Soil for Turfgrass Establishment – Northern Utah

Successful establishment of a lawn is best achieved with careful planning, soil preparation, appropriate seed or sod choice, and an understanding of turfgrass requirements.

grass
gardening
soil preparation
Research
Successful establishment or renovation of a lawn is best achieved with careful planning, soil preparation, and an understanding of turfgrass requirements.
Preparing Soil for Turfgrass Establishment – Southern Utah

Preparing Soil for Turfgrass Establishment – Southern Utah

Successful establishment or renovation of a lawn is best achieved with careful planning, soil preparation, and an understanding of turfgrass requirements.

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Of the seven guiding principles of water-wise landscaping (a.k.a. Xeriscaping™), the most controversial involves the use of turfgrass in the landscape. At times it has seemed that water-wise landscaping might not allow for the use of turfgrasses at all. I
Water-Wise Landscaping: Practical Turfgrass Areas

Water-Wise Landscaping: Practical Turfgrass Areas

Of the seven guiding principles of water-wise landscaping (a.k.a. Xeriscaping™), the most controversial involves the use of turfgrass in the landscape. At times it has seemed that water-wise landscaping might not allow for the use of turfgrasses at all. I...

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grass
Research
Cool-season grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass or the fescues, may be seeded any time from midspring to early fall, but late summer is the optimum seeding time in northern Utah. The warmth of the soil in late summer is more advantageous for seed germinat
Northern Utah Turfgrass Management Calendar

Northern Utah Turfgrass Management Calendar

Cool-season grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass or the fescues, may be seeded any time from midspring to early fall, but late summer is the optimum seeding time in northern Utah. The warmth of the soil in late summer is more advantageous for seed germinat...

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Cool-season grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass or the fescues, may be seeded any time from midspring to early fall, but late summer is the optimum seeding time in the St. George, Utah, area. The warmth and dryness of the soil in late summer is more advan
St. George, Utah Turfgrass Management Calendar

St. George, Utah Turfgrass Management Calendar

Cool-season grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass or the fescues, may be seeded any time from midspring to early fall, but late summer is the optimum seeding time in the St. George, Utah, area. The warmth and dryness of the soil in late summer is more advan...

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Research
grass
Cool-season grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass or the fescues, may be seeded any time from midspring to early fall, but late summer/early fall is the optimum seeding time in southeast Utah. The warmth of the soil in late summer is more advantageous for s
Southeast Utah Turfgrass Management Calendar

Southeast Utah Turfgrass Management Calendar

Cool-season grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass or the fescues, may be seeded any time from midspring to early fall, but late summer/early fall is the optimum seeding time in southeast Utah. The warmth of the soil in late summer is more advantageous for s...

grass
diseases
gardening
Research
Information on common turf diseases in Utah and how to manage them from USU Extension and Utah Pests.
Common Turf Diseases in Utah

Common Turf Diseases in Utah

Information on common turf diseases in Utah and how to manage them from USU Extension and Utah Pests.

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soil
With so much interest in acid-loving plants like blueberry, azalea, silver maple, etc., many folks wish they could easily reduce their high, alkaline pH levels to accommodate them.
Why are my soils so alkaline? Can I lower my soil's pH?

Why are my soils so alkaline? Can I lower my soil's pH?

With so much interest in acid-loving plants like blueberry, azalea, silver maple, etc., many folks wish they could easily reduce their high, alkaline pH levels to accommodate them.

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water
gardening
gardening basics
If you are considering a vegetable garden this summer, the best way to conserve water is to start planning your garden now.
Watering the Garden

Watering the Garden

If you are considering a vegetable garden this summer, the best way to conserve water is to start planning your garden now.

soil
gardening
Research
solutions
Salinity is a measure of the total amount of soluble salts in soil. As soluble salt levels increase, it becomes more difficult for plants to extract water from soil. Some plants are more resistant than other’s, but as the salt levels exceed their ability
Solutions to Soil Problems I. High Salinity (soluble salts)

Solutions to Soil Problems I. High Salinity (soluble salts)

Salinity is a measure of the total amount of soluble salts in soil. As soluble salt levels increase, it becomes more difficult for plants to extract water from soil. Some plants are more resistant than other’s, but as the salt levels exceed their ability ...

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soil
Compaction destroys soil structure and causes significant plant growth problems in Utah landscapes. It is normally caused by repeated foot or vehicle traffic over the same soil area.
Solutions to Soil Problems: IV. Soil Structure (compaction)

Solutions to Soil Problems: IV. Soil Structure (compaction)

Compaction destroys soil structure and causes significant plant growth problems in Utah landscapes. It is normally caused by repeated foot or vehicle traffic over the same soil area.

soil
Research
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fertilize
gardening
Homeowners recognize the need for timely nutrient applications to promote vigorous plant growth in landscapes and gardens. These nutrients may be supplied by either organic or inorganic fertilizers, or a combination of materials. Many nursery and garden s
Selecting and Using Organic Fertilizers

Selecting and Using Organic Fertilizers

Homeowners recognize the need for timely nutrient applications to promote vigorous plant growth in landscapes and gardens. These nutrients may be supplied by either organic or inorganic fertilizers, or a combination of materials. Many nursery and garden s...

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gardening
Research
soil
Utah soils are inherently low in organic matter due to the desert climate and historically low plant growth rates.
Solutions to Soil Problems V. Low Organic Matter

Solutions to Soil Problems V. Low Organic Matter

Utah soils are inherently low in organic matter due to the desert climate and historically low plant growth rates.

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Cool-season grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass or the fescues, may be seeded any time from midspring to early fall, but late summer/early fall is the optimum seeding time in southeast Utah. The warmth of the soil in late summer is more advantageous for s
Southwest Utah Turfgrass Management Calendar

Southwest Utah Turfgrass Management Calendar

Cool-season grasses, such as Kentucky bluegrass or the fescues, may be seeded any time from midspring to early fall, but late summer/early fall is the optimum seeding time in southeast Utah. The warmth of the soil in late summer is more advantageous for s...

gardening
solutions
soil
Research
Drainage is a common problem throughout Utah.
Solutions to Soil Problems III. Drainage

Solutions to Soil Problems III. Drainage

Drainage is a common problem throughout Utah.

Weeds
gardening basics
gardening
Research
Weeds around the home are a nuisance. This guide will show you how to deal with weeds in your lawn, garden, fruit trees, parking areas and drive ways, and amoung brush and trees.
Yard and Garden Weed Control

Yard and Garden Weed Control

Weeds around the home are a nuisance. This guide will show you how to deal with weeds in your lawn, garden, fruit trees, parking areas and drive ways, and amoung brush and trees.

soil
Research
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solutions
The majority of soils in Utah are alkaline with an average pH of 8.0. Alkaline soils in Utah are the product of the alkaline parent materials that formed them and thousands of years of development in an arid (low rainfall) environment.
Solutions to Soil Problems II. High pH

Solutions to Soil Problems II. High pH

The majority of soils in Utah are alkaline with an average pH of 8.0. Alkaline soils in Utah are the product of the alkaline parent materials that formed them and thousands of years of development in an arid (low rainfall) environment.

composting
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Worm composting as it is more commonly known is the process of using worms to break down discarded food and other organic wastes and convert them into compost and liquid fertilizers.
Vermicomposting

Vermicomposting

Worm composting as it is more commonly known is the process of using worms to break down discarded food and other organic wastes and convert them into compost and liquid fertilizers.

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This plant can be found naturally in desert surroundings, along waterways, and in rock crevices. This is a long-living plant that can be used ornamentally as a specimen, in a rock garden, or anywhere soil stabilization is desired. In winter, the seeds are
Little Bluestem in the Landscape

Little Bluestem in the Landscape

This plant can be found naturally in desert surroundings, along waterways, and in rock crevices. This is a long-living plant that can be used ornamentally as a specimen, in a rock garden, or anywhere soil stabilization is desired. In winter, the seeds are...

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Mexican cliffrose occurs throughout the southern regions of the Intermountain West and has great potential for use in low-water landscapes.Cultural Requirements:
Mexican Cliffrose in the Landscape

Mexican Cliffrose in the Landscape

Mexican cliffrose occurs throughout the southern regions of the Intermountain West and has great potential for use in low-water landscapes.Cultural Requirements:

gardening
soil
fertilize
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Urea usually has the lowest cost per pound of nitrogen compared to other single-element nitrogen fertilizers. However, urea undergoes unique chemical transformations when field applied and severe losses in efficiency may result if special management pract
Urea: A Low Cost Nitrogen Fertilizer with Special Management Requirements

Urea: A Low Cost Nitrogen Fertilizer with Special Management Requirements

Urea usually has the lowest cost per pound of nitrogen compared to other single-element nitrogen fertilizers. However, urea undergoes unique chemical transformations when field applied and severe losses in efficiency may result if special management pract...

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soil
gardening
fertilize
Each class of material has specific characteristics and management issues when it comes to using it as a soil amendment.
Are Organic Matter Soil Amendments Created Equal?

Are Organic Matter Soil Amendments Created Equal?

Each class of material has specific characteristics and management issues when it comes to using it as a soil amendment.

fertilize
gardening
soil
Research
The single best soil amendment—the one that provides desirable benefits regardless of the soil one applies it to—is organic matter.
It's All About Soil Structure!

It's All About Soil Structure!

The single best soil amendment—the one that provides desirable benefits regardless of the soil one applies it to—is organic matter.

gardening
soil
sustainability
Research
composting
land
The benefits of using compost as a soil amendment include increasing soil tilth, fertility, water holding capacity, aeration, and drainage.
Backyard Composting in Utah

Backyard Composting in Utah

The benefits of using compost as a soil amendment include increasing soil tilth, fertility, water holding capacity, aeration, and drainage.

composting
soil
Research
gardening
When properly managed, animal manures increase soil fertility, build soil organic matter, and sustainably cycle nutrients. However, knowing how much and when to apply manure is critical for long-term soil heath.
Sustainable Manure and Compost Application: Garden and Micro Farm Guidelines

Sustainable Manure and Compost Application: Garden and Micro Farm Guidelines

When properly managed, animal manures increase soil fertility, build soil organic matter, and sustainably cycle nutrients. However, knowing how much and when to apply manure is critical for long-term soil heath.

soil
grass
fertilize
gardening
Research
Homeowners recognize the need for timely fertilizer applications to enhance plant growth in landscapes and gardens. However, the number of different products on the market can be overwhelming. Nursery and garden supply stores commonly stock a dozen or mor
Selecting and Using Inorganic Fertilizers

Selecting and Using Inorganic Fertilizers

Homeowners recognize the need for timely fertilizer applications to enhance plant growth in landscapes and gardens. However, the number of different products on the market can be overwhelming. Nursery and garden supply stores commonly stock a dozen or mor...

grass
aerate
Research
gardening
The term cultivation can be a bit confusing when used in the context of turfgrass management. While agricultural cultivation typically refers to tilling the soil, this is not possible in stands of turfgrass. But the purpose of turfgrass cultivation is sim
Turfgrass Cultivation (Aerification)

Turfgrass Cultivation (Aerification)

The term cultivation can be a bit confusing when used in the context of turfgrass management. While agricultural cultivation typically refers to tilling the soil, this is not possible in stands of turfgrass. But the purpose of turfgrass cultivation is sim...

grass
solutions
Research
gardening
After a long, hot summer, your lawn can look pretty sad. The heat and drought conditions take a toll, because most of our turf grasses are adapted to cool weather. During the heat of the summer, they stop growing and often go dormant. If conditions become
Renovate your Lawn After a Long, Hot Summer

Renovate your Lawn After a Long, Hot Summer

After a long, hot summer, your lawn can look pretty sad. The heat and drought conditions take a toll, because most of our turf grasses are adapted to cool weather. During the heat of the summer, they stop growing and often go dormant. If conditions become...

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Research
water
cwel publications
gardening
grass
Irrigation system maintenance is necessary to ensure the most efficient use of the water that is being applied. Efficient irrigation is important because over two-thirds of the total water used in the average Uta home is applied to the landscape. With the
Irrigation System Maintenance

Irrigation System Maintenance

Irrigation system maintenance is necessary to ensure the most efficient use of the water that is being applied. Efficient irrigation is important because over two-thirds of the total water used in the average Uta home is applied to the landscape. With the...

grass
solutions
Research
gardening
Are you concerned about a bumpy, rough area in your lawn? Does a close inspection of your lawn reveal a miniature replica of the Wasatch Mountain Range? Such areas can be annoying, hard to mow, and even dangerous for anyone walking or running across them.
Over Hill, Over Dale: Earthworms in the Lawn

Over Hill, Over Dale: Earthworms in the Lawn

Are you concerned about a bumpy, rough area in your lawn? Does a close inspection of your lawn reveal a miniature replica of the Wasatch Mountain Range? Such areas can be annoying, hard to mow, and even dangerous for anyone walking or running across them....

Research
soil
General
gardening
The benefits of using compost as a soil amendment include increasing soil tilth, fertility, water holding capacity, aeration, and drainage.
Topsoil Quality Guidelines for Landscaping

Topsoil Quality Guidelines for Landscaping

The benefits of using compost as a soil amendment include increasing soil tilth, fertility, water holding capacity, aeration, and drainage.

solutions
gardening
grass
Research
In many areas of Utah, high salt levels in the soil limit the growth of some turfgrasses, especially Kentucky bluegrass. This fact sheet was written to assist you in determining if you have a soil with a high salt level and, if you do, how to manage it wi
Growing Turf on Salt-Affected Sites

Growing Turf on Salt-Affected Sites

In many areas of Utah, high salt levels in the soil limit the growth of some turfgrasses, especially Kentucky bluegrass. This fact sheet was written to assist you in determining if you have a soil with a high salt level and, if you do, how to manage it wi...

cwel turf
gardening
solutions
cwel publications
Research
grass
Don’t start performing funeral rights on your brown grass. It most likely is not dead, just dormant. It’s normal for the grasses that are traditionally grown in Utah to struggle with the heat and drought we are experiencing now, says Kelly Kopp, Utah Stat
Is Your Lawn Dead or Dormant?

Is Your Lawn Dead or Dormant?

Don’t start performing funeral rights on your brown grass. It most likely is not dead, just dormant. It’s normal for the grasses that are traditionally grown in Utah to struggle with the heat and drought we are experiencing now, says Kelly Kopp, Utah Stat...

Trees
gardening
Research
selection
perennials
flowers
Each season brings with it new colors and emotions. Many homeowners seek help in selecting plant material that will offer season-long interest in the landscape. Different colors can add variety and add interest to the landscape. Plants should add consiste
Landscaping for Season-Long Color

Landscaping for Season-Long Color

Each season brings with it new colors and emotions. Many homeowners seek help in selecting plant material that will offer season-long interest in the landscape. Different colors can add variety and add interest to the landscape. Plants should add consiste...

gardening
Research
selection
Trees
This fact sheet lists conifers that can be grown in Utah, including all native and most introduced conifers, and some suggested cultivars.
Conifers for Utah

Conifers for Utah

This fact sheet lists conifers that can be grown in Utah, including all native and most introduced conifers, and some suggested cultivars.

Trees
Research
water-wise
gardening
A benefit of established water-wise landscapes is they require less time and money to maintain than a traditional landscape. This assumes you have limited turfgrass to areas where it is practical, you have selected plants adapted to your climate, and you
Water-Wise Landscaping: Plant Maintenance

Water-Wise Landscaping: Plant Maintenance

A benefit of established water-wise landscapes is they require less time and money to maintain than a traditional landscape. This assumes you have limited turfgrass to areas where it is practical, you have selected plants adapted to your climate, and you ...

cwel turf
Research
gardening
Trees
cwel publications
irrigation
Amenity landscapes in Utah use a large portion of the state’s treated potable water. Not only can this cause a shortage of water necessary for human consumption and other uses, but it can also be expensive for homeowners. The good news is that there are m
Water-Wise Landscaping: Ideas for Landscape Water Conservation Without Changing Your Landscape Design

Water-Wise Landscaping: Ideas for Landscape Water Conservation Without Changing Your Landscape Design

Amenity landscapes in Utah use a large portion of the state’s treated potable water. Not only can this cause a shortage of water necessary for human consumption and other uses, but it can also be expensive for homeowners. The good news is that there are m...

water-wise
gardening
Research
cwel publications
Trees
A landscape design should meet the needs of the people who will use and maintain the area while incorporating the site’s existing environmental conditions into the design. Water is a limiting resource in Utah, so designing the landscape to efficiently use
Designing a Low Water Use Landscape

Designing a Low Water Use Landscape

A landscape design should meet the needs of the people who will use and maintain the area while incorporating the site’s existing environmental conditions into the design. Water is a limiting resource in Utah, so designing the landscape to efficiently use...

irrigation
Trees
cwel publications
gardening
cwel irrigation
cwel turf
Research
Monitoring the depth of wetting and uniformity of water application can improve water management and conservation. Various types of probes can be used to monitor soil moisture conditions both before and after an irrigation. Probes can also be used to chec
Water-Wise Landscaping: Monitoring Irrigation with Probes

Water-Wise Landscaping: Monitoring Irrigation with Probes

Monitoring the depth of wetting and uniformity of water application can improve water management and conservation. Various types of probes can be used to monitor soil moisture conditions both before and after an irrigation. Probes can also be used to chec...

General
Research
gardening
soil
Regular soil testing helps to develop and maintain more productive soils for farming, gardening, and landscaping. The purpose of this guide is to help you understand and interpret the results from a Utah State University soil test report. Additional Utah
Understanding Your Soil Test Report

Understanding Your Soil Test Report

Regular soil testing helps to develop and maintain more productive soils for farming, gardening, and landscaping. The purpose of this guide is to help you understand and interpret the results from a Utah State University soil test report. Additional Utah ...

Research
Trees
gardening
Much like rock collecting, hunting, or fishing, collecting plants can be a great way to enjoy the beauties of Utah and enhance appreciation for our local environment. At the broadest level, it may include collection of seeds, cuttings, boughs, seedlings,
Collecting Plants on Public Lands for Utah Landscaping

Collecting Plants on Public Lands for Utah Landscaping

Much like rock collecting, hunting, or fishing, collecting plants can be a great way to enjoy the beauties of Utah and enhance appreciation for our local environment. At the broadest level, it may include collection of seeds, cuttings, boughs, seedlings, ...

Research
flowers
planting and maintenance
gardening
bulbs
You can brighten your home with fresh flowers from your own bulbs if you are willing to do a little planning. Some flowering bulbs are easy to grow and require nothing more than potting and watering, while others are not quite as anxious to please. The pr
"Encouraging," Not Forcing Bulbs

"Encouraging," Not Forcing Bulbs

You can brighten your home with fresh flowers from your own bulbs if you are willing to do a little planning. Some flowering bulbs are easy to grow and require nothing more than potting and watering, while others are not quite as anxious to please. The pr...

grass
gardening
solutions
Research
Much like human beings, plants also have different ways of dealing with the heat, said Jerry Goodspeed, Utah State University Extension horticulturist.
How to Recognize Plant Heat Stress

How to Recognize Plant Heat Stress

Much like human beings, plants also have different ways of dealing with the heat, said Jerry Goodspeed, Utah State University Extension horticulturist.

bulbs
planting and maintenance
flowers
Research
gardening
Summer bulbs are planted in the spring, bloom in the summer and should be removed in the fall before it freezes. If they stay in the ground during winter, most will eventually die. These bulbs include tuberous begonias, cannas, dahlias and gladiolus.
How to Store Summer Flower Bulbs

How to Store Summer Flower Bulbs

Summer bulbs are planted in the spring, bloom in the summer and should be removed in the fall before it freezes. If they stay in the ground during winter, most will eventually die. These bulbs include tuberous begonias, cannas, dahlias and gladiolus.

gardening
Research
planting and maintenance
bulbs
flowers
Bulbs are prodigies, flowing early and brilliantly and then just hanging around looking green the rest of the year. Many people love the colors brought by spring bulbs, but have a lot of questions about caring for the foliage once the flowers are just a m
Bulbs - Their Short Colorful Life

Bulbs - Their Short Colorful Life

Bulbs are prodigies, flowing early and brilliantly and then just hanging around looking green the rest of the year. Many people love the colors brought by spring bulbs, but have a lot of questions about caring for the foliage once the flowers are just a m...

gardening
selection
flowers
bulbs
Research
With tulips you have the color palette of Van Gogh; no other flower offers the vibrant array of spring color as do tulips, try one or several until you have tried them all, you are the artist. Tulips are classified by bloom time (Early, Mid-season, and La
Fabulous Tulips in Springtime

Fabulous Tulips in Springtime

With tulips you have the color palette of Van Gogh; no other flower offers the vibrant array of spring color as do tulips, try one or several until you have tried them all, you are the artist. Tulips are classified by bloom time (Early, Mid-season, and La...

annuals
flowers
specific plants
gardening
Research
Pansies are among the most popular garden flowers today. They exhibit a wide range of colors, markings and sizes. Read about where to plant, how to plant, propagating, and more!
Growing Pansies

Growing Pansies

Pansies are among the most popular garden flowers today. They exhibit a wide range of colors, markings and sizes. Read about where to plant, how to plant, propagating, and more!

cwel native plants
cwel publications
flowers
Research
gardening
specific plants
cwel water wise plants
perennials
This mound-forming perennial is typically seen in higher elevations in the interior West. The lavender or rose-purple flowers are attractive to insects, especially bees and butterflies. This plant is easy to establish and maintain in Intermountain West la
Mountain Beebalm in the Landscape

Mountain Beebalm in the Landscape

This mound-forming perennial is typically seen in higher elevations in the interior West. The lavender or rose-purple flowers are attractive to insects, especially bees and butterflies. This plant is easy to establish and maintain in Intermountain West la...

planting and maintenance
Research
flowers
perennials
gardening
Before the leaves cover everything and the ground freezes solid enough to break your spade is a good time to move perennials. Some overgrown monsters may need to move to the compost pile while others just may need a change of address in your yard. Most pe
Fall's a Good Time to Move Perennials

Fall's a Good Time to Move Perennials

Before the leaves cover everything and the ground freezes solid enough to break your spade is a good time to move perennials. Some overgrown monsters may need to move to the compost pile while others just may need a change of address in your yard. Most pe...

Research
gardening
selection
flowers
annuals
Annuals that reseed themselves can make gardening easier, but some soon try to bully the rest of the plants. In my opinion, some ornamental flowers are weeds once they are planted,” says Jerry Goodspeed, Utah State University Extension horticulturist. “Si
Some Flowers Turn Into Weeds

Some Flowers Turn Into Weeds

Annuals that reseed themselves can make gardening easier, but some soon try to bully the rest of the plants. In my opinion, some ornamental flowers are weeds once they are planted,” says Jerry Goodspeed, Utah State University Extension horticulturist. “Si...

gardening
perennials
flowers
Research
gardening basics
By the time frost covers the lawn at the end of the season, many gardeners, like their plants, are spent. It is all too easy for gardeners to go dormant like their plants. By accomplishing a few simple chores before the snow flies, gardeners can ensure an
Putting the Yard and Garden to Bed

Putting the Yard and Garden to Bed

By the time frost covers the lawn at the end of the season, many gardeners, like their plants, are spent. It is all too easy for gardeners to go dormant like their plants. By accomplishing a few simple chores before the snow flies, gardeners can ensure an...

Research
specific plants
perennials
gardening
flowers
Garden irises are hardy, long-lived perennials that need a minimum of care. They are an established “backbone” of home gardens because they bloom when few other plants do—after spring-flowering bulbs and before peonies, delphinium and phlox.
Growing Iris

Growing Iris

Garden irises are hardy, long-lived perennials that need a minimum of care. They are an established “backbone” of home gardens because they bloom when few other plants do—after spring-flowering bulbs and before peonies, delphinium and phlox.

Research
specific plants
flowers
gardening
perennials
Bright scarlet flowers that shower from arching stems of firecracker penstemon have made this plant a favorite of many penstemon enthusiasts.
Firecracker Penstemon in the Landscape

Firecracker Penstemon in the Landscape

Bright scarlet flowers that shower from arching stems of firecracker penstemon have made this plant a favorite of many penstemon enthusiasts.

cwel water wise plants
annuals
Research
flowers
gardening
selection
Annuals are plants that come up in the spring, reach maturity, flower, set seeds, then die all in one season. They provide eye-catching color to any flower bed and can be used as borders, fillers, or background plantings. There are several ways to find an
Annuals for Utah Gardens

Annuals for Utah Gardens

Annuals are plants that come up in the spring, reach maturity, flower, set seeds, then die all in one season. They provide eye-catching color to any flower bed and can be used as borders, fillers, or background plantings. There are several ways to find an...

perennials
selection
flowers
Research
gardening
Finding the right landscape plants for dry areas that are also shady can be challenging. Most of the drought tolerant plants used in Utah’s residential and commercial landscapes come from dry environments and are adapted to full sun. Therefore, these plan
Landscaping in Dry Shade: 15 Great Landscape Plants for Dry Shady Areas

Landscaping in Dry Shade: 15 Great Landscape Plants for Dry Shady Areas

Finding the right landscape plants for dry areas that are also shady can be challenging. Most of the drought tolerant plants used in Utah’s residential and commercial landscapes come from dry environments and are adapted to full sun. Therefore, these plan...

Research
gardening
fruit vegetable herb
Winter melons grow best in sunny locations and in fertile, well-drained soils. Incorporate organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting. Plant 4-6 seeds directly in the garden when soils are 65°F. Seeds should be planted 1-1½ inc
Honeydew and Other Winter Melons in the Garden

Honeydew and Other Winter Melons in the Garden

Winter melons grow best in sunny locations and in fertile, well-drained soils. Incorporate organic matter and a complete fertilizer into the area before planting. Plant 4-6 seeds directly in the garden when soils are 65°F. Seeds should be planted 1-1½ inc...

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Tomatillos are easy to grow and have a tangy, citrus flavor that is slightly acidic. Green or purple fruits are encased in a papery husk. The plants require little maintenance or effort to produce high yield. They prefer full sun and well-drained soils. T
Tomatillos in the Garden

Tomatillos in the Garden

Tomatillos are easy to grow and have a tangy, citrus flavor that is slightly acidic. Green or purple fruits are encased in a papery husk. The plants require little maintenance or effort to produce high yield. They prefer full sun and well-drained soils. T...

Research
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Managing pests in peaches and nectarines for the backyard orchard (en español).
El Huertero de Patio Trasero Plagas Frutales: Durazno-Nectarina Marion Murray, Líder Proyecto IPM • Diane Alston, Entomologista de Extensión
Trees
Research
irrigation
cwel publications
gardening
cwel turf
cwel research
Water conservation ideas on a budget.
Cost Free Landscape Water Conservation Ideas

Cost Free Landscape Water Conservation Ideas

Water conservation ideas on a budget.

cwel research
Research
gardening
Simple water-wise changes to conserve water without changing landscape.
Water-Wise Landscaping: Ideas for Landscape Water Conservation Without Changing Your Landscape Design
gardening
Research
Maple trees (Acer sp.) are a common fixture and beautiful addition to Utah landscapes. There are over one hundred species, each with numerous cultivars (cultivated varieties) that are native to both North America and much of Northern Europe. Trees vary in
Maples in the Landscape

Maples in the Landscape

Maple trees (Acer sp.) are a common fixture and beautiful addition to Utah landscapes. There are over one hundred species, each with numerous cultivars (cultivated varieties) that are native to both North America and much of Northern Europe. Trees vary in...

Research
gardening
cwel principles mulch
Mulch can provide many benefits in water-wise landscapes. Mulch covers the soil and prevents crusting, compaction, and water evaporation.
Water-Wise Landscaping: Mulch

Water-Wise Landscaping: Mulch

Mulch can provide many benefits in water-wise landscapes. Mulch covers the soil and prevents crusting, compaction, and water evaporation.

Trees
fruit vegetable herb
gardening
Research
This fact sheet describes the nature of vegetation competition and proposes management strategies to reduce or eliminate competition.
Managing Vegetation Around Fruit Trees

Managing Vegetation Around Fruit Trees

This fact sheet describes the nature of vegetation competition and proposes management strategies to reduce or eliminate competition.

Research
perennials
selection
gardening
flowers
Ornamental grasses, over the last few decades, have gained increasing popularity in their uses. This publication illustrates basic identifying structures and features of grasses in general, as well as key taxonomic characteristics that horticulturists use
Ornamental Grasses in the Landscape

Ornamental Grasses in the Landscape

Ornamental grasses, over the last few decades, have gained increasing popularity in their uses. This publication illustrates basic identifying structures and features of grasses in general, as well as key taxonomic characteristics that horticulturists use...

Wildlife
Research
gardening
Trees
Deer/human conflicts have increased due to growing deer populations, limited resources and suburban development in deer habitat. In winter, deer often browse in residential landscapes. This can be reduced by selecting unpalatable plants, protecting woody
Preventing Deer Damage to Your Trees and Shrubs

Preventing Deer Damage to Your Trees and Shrubs

Deer/human conflicts have increased due to growing deer populations, limited resources and suburban development in deer habitat. In winter, deer often browse in residential landscapes. This can be reduced by selecting unpalatable plants, protecting woody ...

Trees
Research
gardening
Trees and shrubs are a valuable addition to most property. Properly planted, well maintained trees add beauty, wind protection, shade, wildlife habitat, visual screening, and other benefits to the landscape.
Selecting and Planting Landscape Trees

Selecting and Planting Landscape Trees

Trees and shrubs are a valuable addition to most property. Properly planted, well maintained trees add beauty, wind protection, shade, wildlife habitat, visual screening, and other benefits to the landscape.

pests
Research
grass
gardening
Learn how to Identify turf/grass pests and managed them. Including pests such as worms, bugs, beetles, and grub.
Turf Pests

Turf Pests

Learn how to Identify turf/grass pests and managed them. Including pests such as worms, bugs, beetles, and grub.

solutions
gardening
grass
Research
Thatch is living and dead turfgrass stems, stolons, and rhizomes that occur just above the soil level. How can you manage it?
What is Thatch and How to Manage it?

What is Thatch and How to Manage it?

Thatch is living and dead turfgrass stems, stolons, and rhizomes that occur just above the soil level. How can you manage it?

gardening basics
fruit vegetable herb
Research
gardening
Grapes are a wonderful addition to the home garden. Learn basic pruning information and two common training methods suitable for the Utah home garden.
Grape Trellising and Training Basics

Grape Trellising and Training Basics

Grapes are a wonderful addition to the home garden. Learn basic pruning information and two common training methods suitable for the Utah home garden.

gardening
flowers
specific plants
Research
perennials
The plants are easy to grow and can be grown throughout the United States. Even without care, they usually produce flowers. However, neglected mums may have weak branches, yellowish leaves, and only a few small flowers.
Growing Chrysanthemums in the Home Garden

Growing Chrysanthemums in the Home Garden

The plants are easy to grow and can be grown throughout the United States. Even without care, they usually produce flowers. However, neglected mums may have weak branches, yellowish leaves, and only a few small flowers.

Research
gardening
flowers
annuals
specific plants
Dahlias are popular additions to many gardens because they display a variety of sizes, shapes and colors. They are also an excellent source of cut flowers for indoor arrangements
Growing Dahlias

Growing Dahlias

Dahlias are popular additions to many gardens because they display a variety of sizes, shapes and colors. They are also an excellent source of cut flowers for indoor arrangements

selection
gardening
Research
Trees
Crabapples (Malus sp.) are native to Kazakhstan and North America. Crabapples are ornamentals that are closely related to common apple trees and are distinguished by fruit size. Technically, any apple fruit that is smaller than 2-inches is considered to b
Crabapples in the Landscape

Crabapples in the Landscape

Crabapples (Malus sp.) are native to Kazakhstan and North America. Crabapples are ornamentals that are closely related to common apple trees and are distinguished by fruit size. Technically, any apple fruit that is smaller than 2-inches is considered to b...