Rock Pigeon

Columba liva

Pigeon Fact Sheet: English, Spanish.

Rock pigeon

Rock pigeon (Diego Delso, Wikimedia Commons)

Rock pigeons

Rock pigeons (Terry Spivey, USDA Forest Service,

Rock pigeon

Rock pigeon (Lee Karney, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,


  • variable in color, but most are bluish-gray with two black bands on the wings and a black tip to the tail
  • most have rainbow-like throat feathers
  • 12 - 15 inches tall

Nesting Habits

  • build nests out of twigs, grasses and sticks to form a crude platform
  • nest on flat, covered surfaces such as sheltered cliff ledges, bridges and building surfaces


  • primarily grain and seeds
  • garbage, livestock manure, insects or other food provided for them intentionally or unintentionally by people


  • pigeon droppings may pose a health hazard when allowed to accumulate
  • infest unprotected ventilation ducts/exhaust units
  • major nuisance pest

IPM Recommendations

  • Exclude pigeons with bird netting.
  • Close building openings with wood, metal, glass or rustproof iron mesh.
  • Keep outdoor areas clean and eliminate water sources.
  • Use deterrents such as spikes, coils, and sloped surfaces.