The Samurai Wasp Brings New Hope in the Fight Against Brown Marmorated Stink Bug in Utah

Mark Cody Holthouse, USU Biology • Lori Spears, Extension Entomologist • Zach Schumm, Arthropod Diagnostician • Diane Alston, Extension Entomologist

Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB; Halyomorpha halys Stål) is an invasive insect that first invaded Utah in 2012. It has since caused urban nuisance problems for northern Utah residents and poses a serious threat to various commercial fruit and vegetable crops. In June 2019, the samurai wasp (Trissolcus japonicus (Ashmead)) was discovered in Salt Lake City. This exotic parasitoid wasp is the most promising agent for biological control of BMSB and is uniquely evolved to lay its eggs inside of BMSB eggs. Help us protect parasitized egg masses in the wild by becoming familiar with the photos below.

Normal BMSB Development

BMSB eggs on leaf

VS.

A healthy developing BMSB egg mass (Fig. 1) is usually a light green color. Egg masses are typically found on the underside of host plant leaves. Developing BMSB eggs are vulnerable to attack by female samurai wasps (Fig. 2), which will lay their eggs inside BMSB eggs.

Parasitized BMSB Eggs

 Female samurai wasp on BMSB eggs

First instar BMSB nymphs hatched from healthy eggs

 

After 5-7 days, first instar nymphs will hatch from healthy eggs (Fig. 3). BMSB eggs will display a black triangle on the top of each egg cap. Egg masses that have been parasitized by the samurai wasp will be dark gray or black in color with no sign of the black triangle on the egg caps (Fig. 4). 
BMSB eggs that have been parasitized by the samurai wasp

 

A healthy BMSB adult

 

Healthy BMSB nymphs develop into mature adult stink bugs (Fig. 5). Parasitized eggs will give rise to fully developed adult samurai wasps (Fig. 6), which are small (<1/10 inch long) and black in color. They are difficult to detect in the field and pose no threat to humans (i.e., they will not sting).

 

Samurai wasp emerging from a parasitized BMSB egg

 

 

Image Credits

1,5 Mark Holthouse, Utah State University 
3 Ryan Davis, Utah State University
2,4,6
 Chris Hedstrom, Oregon Department of Agriculture

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