The objective of the money management curriculum is to help students understand their financial standing and create a plan that will help them succeed in improving their financial future. There are eight modules in the money management curriculum and each module addresses a topic that will help students take control of their finances.
The modules can be presented in an eight week teaching series with an overall objective of creading a financial plan, or each module can be a standalone presentation which focuses on an individual money management topic. The presentation of the modules can be between 1-2 hours, depending on how interactive you are with your audience, and the amount of examples that you incorporate.
Below are Power Point files and teaching notes with handouts and resources for each module.
Money Management Curriculum and Overview
Record Keeping and Cash Flows
Module 1 starts with the very basics of building a financial plan, which is keeping track of your income and expenses. It is also where we first introduce the financial self-assessment, have your students fill out the assessment to help them gain a better understanding of their own financial well-being, and hopefully give them motivation to go through the entire money management modules. The assessment is retaken in module 7, which allows your students see their progression. By the end of module 1, your students should have a clear method for how they want to track their expenses and build a cash flow budget.
Loans and Credit Cards
At this point, module 2 does not revisit record keeping, but remind your students to keep track of their cash flows, because they will be referring to them in later modules. Module 2 is recommended as a standalone presentation. Module 2 addresses interest rates on loans and credit cards. We also introduce the MyFi Assist app, it is a free financial assistant app. MyFi is used extensively through the money management modules, as an instructor familiarize yourself with the app. The objective of module 2 is to understand the effects of interest rates, as well as managing loans and credit card usage.
Applying for a Loan: The 5 C's of Borrowing
Module 3 does not revisit the record keeping assignment, but remind your students to keep track of their cash flows, also try to answer any questions that may come up while they are trying to compile their budget. Cash flows and budgets will be referred to in later modules. Module 3 is recommended as a standalone presentation. Module 3 addresses the factors that lenders take into account when approving loan applications. Understanding what a lender is looking for in a borrower can help potential borrowers increase their chances of being approved for a loan, or obtaining a better interest rate.
Remind your students to keep track of their cash flows and budgets; if they have an accurate budget they may find that applying for a loan is not necessary. Instead, they can cut frivolous expenses and save to buy the things they want. If applying for a loan is necessary, they already have an idea of where they stand in the eyes of a lender.
Credit Reports and Credit Scores
This module explains credit scores and credit reports, accessing and understanding them. Banks and lenders use FICO scores (a specific credit score) to measure the risk of lending to someone. Credit scores indicate the level of borrower risk: higher scores indicate lower risk and lower scores indicate higher risk. If the risk is too high, the lender may not approve the loan. This module covers what FICO scores are, their importance and how they are determined.
Remind your students to keep track of their cash flows and budgets; if they have an accurate budget they may find that they are able to use that to schedule the repayment of any debt. They can also use credit to buy the things they want and pay off the debt monthly to not incur interest expense. If applying for a loan is necessary, they already have an idea of where they stand in the eyes of a lender and can negotiate terms.
Savings and Budgeting
Module 5 introduces long- and short-term savings plans and goals as well as how to define each of these. This module also uses the MyFi Assist app to help your students create a savings plan. Go over the cash flow and budget assignment with your students and help them introduce savings into their budgets if they have not done so already. Their savings plans should include an emergency fund, a long-term goal like retirement, and at least one short-term goal. If your students’ budgets seem to be stretched, help them identify areas where they can spend less or find areas where they can earn extra income.
This module is an in-class review of the long-term cash flow and budgeting assignment. Lead a discussion on how they developed their cash flows. Did they run into any obstacles? Did they figure out where to put odd expenditures? Are they having problems incorporating savings into their budget? Is their budget accurate? This module helps your students understand that they can still reach their goals while meeting their financial needs.
Creating Your Financial Plan
The focus of this module is to help students analyze their budgeting assignments. Help your students identify their goals and inset them into their budgets. This is also a point where you can reiterate trade-offs and wants vs. needs (refer to module 6) to help keeping a balanced working budget. Included in this module is the financial self-assessment worksheet that was initially provided in module 1 in addition to a budget review questionnaire. Have your students fill out the financial self-assessment worksheet. The self-assessment worksheet will give your students a benchmark for their progress, as well as a direction for what they need to be working on.
Presentation of Financial Plans, Review Plans, and Additional Topics
This module allows the students to present the financial plans developed throughout this course. Every student should have the opportunity to present his or her plan, even if it is not complete. This will give them the chance to receive input from their peers and help them develop a more realistic plan.
This is the last module in the series and an important indicator of how the class went. The presentation of financial plans will be a good indicator of how much the students have learned and what areas they might be lacking. Give your students a lot of input on how to improve their plans as well as encouragement to uphold their plan for the benefit of their financial future.
- Ruby Ward, Professor, Utah State University
- Trent Teegerstrom, Associate Director of Tribal Extension, University of Arizona
- Karli Salisbury, Research Associate, Utah State University
- Kynda Curtis, Professor, Utah State University
- Staci Emm, Extension Educator and Professor, University of Nevada Reno
- Carol Bishop, Extension Education and Associate Professor, University of Nevada Reno