Lookout Point -- Steep Creek
Plate 370X. Lookout Point - - Steep Creek 1943 - 1948 - 1953 - 1959 - 2003 - 2003 The Steep Creek Photo Plot Transect near Lookout Point on the southeast flank of Boulder Mountain was established in 1943 and reread in 1948, 1953, 1959, 1973, and 1979. The transect is 1990 feet in length and consists of ten plots. The transect samples both grassland and aspen communities. When this Photo Plot Transect was established, the area was very heavily grazed by domestic sheep, and range conditions were described as poor. Dr. Walter Cottam, who remeasured the transect in 1948, noted some improvement in the grasslands, but concluded that “aspen reproduction [was] in much worse shape than it was in 1943. Very few aspen leaves remain on the old [suckers], and about 50 percent…are dead. A few scattered [snowberry plants] are also badly hedged and dying”. In 1953, the vegetation trend was described as improved, but I.H. Johnson found that “not far from the transect…there is active cutting in the gully channels, grass clumps continue to be undermined by sheet erosion, and there are many raw spots that showed much trampling…from sheep…” By 1959, though, conditions had deteriorated. “Positive elements pointing to betterment between 1953 and 1959 are practically nil…the trend for vegetation is downward and to a marked degree.” After the transect was measured for the last time in 1979, Dr. Jim Bowns, range ecologist at Southern Utah University, wrote that “comparing this area now with the original photos makes it apparent that the trend is up and condition is good.” Dr. Bowns also reported that “aspen reproduction is very dense in the outer edges of the stands. This is now a common phenomenon on the east side of Boulder Mountain” (unpublished reports in the range files on the Teasdale Ranger District, Dixie National Forest, Teasdale, UT). Plate 370x is viewed southwest back to the beginning of the Photo Plot Transect on Lookout Point. The person and vehicle in the 1943 image are on the transect centerline. Utah Highway 12 bisects the transect and that road has now been widened and paved. There was no aspen regeneration in the earlier images, but aspen has since regenerated and the stands expanded in size - - especially the clone around the camera station. Note the boulder in the center-right foreground of the 1943, 1948, 1953, and 1959 images and how that boulder is now surrounded by aspen. Many aspen clones on Boulder Mountain successfully regenerated during the early 1970s when mule deer numbers declined (Kay and Bartos 2000). As elk populations have increased and mule deer numbers recovered, however, those animals have highlined all the new aspen saplings and repeatedly browsed new aspen suckers, preventing additional regeneration. The second 2003 retake was made from the outside edge of the present aspen stand. Grass cover has improved and there was no evidence of recent soil erosion, both indicators of an upward trend. Snowberry has increased. Needle and thread is the most visible grass. The area was actively being grazed by cattle in 2003.
U.S. Forest Service photographs (unnumbered) taken by Ray J. Davis on July 20, 1943; Walter P. Cottam on July 16, 1948; I.H. Johnson on September 13, 1953; and I.H. Johnson on July 29, 1959; retakes by Charles E. Kay on August 28, 2003 - - Photo Nos. 5270-17 and 5270-11. Original photographs, negatives, and narrative reports held in the range files on the Teasdale Ranger District, Dixie National Forest, Teasdale, UT.
Aspen, Mountain Brush, Dry Meadow
South West: Section 21, Range 5 East, Township 32 South; UTM of transect starting point 468700 E, 4207200 N; elevation 9,500 ft.