Garlic is a hardy perennial that prefers full sun and fertile, well drained soils with plenty of organic matter. Plant garlic from late September to November. Garlic is very low in Saturated Fat, Cholesterol and Sodium. It is also a good source of Calcium and Phosphorus, and a very good source of Vitamin C and Vitamin B6.
Garlic commonly grown in home gardens include:
- Hardneck garlic: has a short to medium store life
- Soft-neck garlic: store very well and are preferred for braiding
- Elephant garlic: very mild, stores poorly and is more closely related to leek than garlic
Garlic will grow in all soil types provided they are rich, well drained, moist, and fertile. Before planting, incorporate 4-6 inches of well-composted organic matter and 1-2 lb of all-purpose fertilizer (16-16-8) per 100 square feet. Work compost and fertilizer into the soil to a depth of 6-8 inches. Garlic has high nutrient requirements for good growth and size.
Need Some Useful Tips?
Join thousands of gardeners who have subscribed to USU Extension's free gardening tips directly from our experts.