Lemon balm should be planted in the spring; it will produce a wonderful smell and many herbal remedies. To learn more about lemon balm, click here.

VARIETIES: Common lemon balm varieties include, Aurea and All Gold. 

CULTIVATION:

Soil preparation: Lemon balm requires well-drained, moist and rich soils.  Additional fertilizer added in the spring is also beneficial. For more information on soil preparation, click here.

Planting: Lemon balm can be grown from seeds or transplants.

  • Plant seeds in early spring.
  • Transplants should be propagated and planted in August or September.
  • Plants should be spaced 18 to 24 inches apart.

Irrigation: Plants grow best when it is not water stressed.  Keep the soil moist, but not wet.  Drip or overhead irrigation is the best method for watering.  For more information on irrigation, click here.

Fertilization: Apply general all-purpose fertilizer in the spring and after harvest to encourage new growth.  For more information on fertilization, click here.

Harvesting: Harvest before the plant starts to bloom.  Harvest one-third of the foliage at monthly intervals. Use fresh or dry and store for later use.

COMMON PESTS AND DISEASES:  Overall lemon balm is not bothered by insects or diseases.  Root rot can occur if plants are being over watered.  For more information on pests and diseases, click here.