Garlic is a hardy perennial that is planted in the Fall and harvested in the Spring. To learn more about how to grow garlic, click here.
VARIETIES: Hard neck, soft neck and elephant types of garlic are commonly grown. Each has different characteristics, to learn more about garlic varieties, click here.
Soil Preparation: Pick soil that is rich, well drained, moist and fertile. Incorporate 4-6 inches of organic matter and 1-2 lb of all-purpose fertilizer. To learn more about soil preparation, click here.
- Begin planting garlic in September through December.
- Use a well-developed, dry bulb for planting.
- Plant 1-3 inches deep with the pointed end up.
- Space 3-4 inches apart in rows.
- Increase the amount of light getting to the bulb by cutting off the stalk annually.
Irrigation: Moisten the soil thoroughly to a depth of 18 inches every 7 days. To learn more about irrigation, click here.
Fertilizing: Garlic needs additional nitrogen; add nitrogen fertilizer in late April and early May. To learn more about fertilizing, click here.
Harvest: Begin harvesting when the garlic tops begin to yellow and fall over. Use a spade or garden fork to lift the bulbs from the earth. Store access garlic by drying, use the remaining best-formed bulbs for next year’s planting.
COMMON PESTS AND DISEASES: Thrips and Onion Maggot are the common insects that affect garlic. Neck Rot is the disease that can harm the plant. To learn more about pests and diseases, click here.