Garlic is a hardy perennial that is planted in the Fall and harvested in the Spring. To learn more about how to grow garlic, click here. 

VARIETIES:  Hard neck, soft neck and elephant types of garlic are commonly grown. Each has different characteristics, to learn more about garlic varieties, click here.

CULTIVATION:

Soil Preparation: Pick soil that is rich, well drained, moist and fertile.  Incorporate 4-6 inches of organic matter and 1-2 lb of all-purpose fertilizer.  To learn more about soil preparation, click here.

Planting:

  •   Begin planting garlic in September through December.
  •   Use a well-developed, dry bulb for planting.
  •   Plant 1-3 inches deep with the pointed end up.
  •  Space 3-4 inches apart in rows. 
  •  Increase the amount of light getting to the bulb by cutting off the stalk annually.

Irrigation: Moisten the soil thoroughly to a depth of 18 inches every 7 days.  To learn more about irrigation, click here.

Fertilizing: Garlic needs additional nitrogen; add nitrogen fertilizer in late April and early May.  To learn more about fertilizing, click here.

Harvest: Begin harvesting when the garlic tops begin to yellow and fall over.  Use a spade or garden fork to lift the bulbs from the earth.  Store access garlic by drying, use the remaining best-formed bulbs for next year’s planting.

COMMON PESTS AND DISEASES: Thrips and Onion Maggot are the common insects that affect garlic.  Neck Rot is the disease that can harm the plant.  To learn more about pests and diseases, click here