Garlic is a hardy perennial that is planted in the Fall and harvested in the Spring. To learn more about how to grow garlic, click here. 

VARIETIES:  Hard neck, soft neck and elephant types of garlic are commonly grown. Each has different characteristics, to learn more about garlic varieties, click here.


Soil Preparation: Pick soil that is rich, well drained, moist and fertile.  Incorporate 4-6 inches of organic matter and 1-2 lb of all-purpose fertilizer.  To learn more about soil preparation, click here.


  •   Begin planting garlic in September through December.
  •   Use a well-developed, dry bulb for planting.
  •   Plant 1-3 inches deep with the pointed end up.
  •  Space 3-4 inches apart in rows. 
  •  Increase the amount of light getting to the bulb by cutting off the stalk annually.

Irrigation: Moisten the soil thoroughly to a depth of 18 inches every 7 days.  To learn more about irrigation, click here.

Fertilizing: Garlic needs additional nitrogen; add nitrogen fertilizer in late April and early May.  To learn more about fertilizing, click here.

Harvest: Begin harvesting when the garlic tops begin to yellow and fall over.  Use a spade or garden fork to lift the bulbs from the earth.  Store access garlic by drying, use the remaining best-formed bulbs for next year’s planting.

COMMON PESTS AND DISEASES: Thrips and Onion Maggot are the common insects that affect garlic.  Neck Rot is the disease that can harm the plant.  To learn more about pests and diseases, click here


How to Plant and Grow Garlic

How and When to Harvest Garlic