Eggplant is a warm weathered plant that requires plenty of sunlight and water.  For more information on eggplants, click here.  

 VARIETIES: With twelve different varieties of eggplant, consider the growing environment and how much space you have available before deciding which variety is best.  For more information on varieties, click here.

CULTIVATION:

Soil preparation: Chose soil that is rich, well-drained and sandy.  Incorporate up to 2-4 inches of organic matter or all-purpose fertilizer. Due to eggplants sensitivity it is suggested that black plastic mulch should be used for protection, apply after completing the soil preparation. For more information on soil preparation, click here.

Planting:

  • Eggplants grow best from transplants.
  • Plant transplants when the soil is 60° F, after all frost danger has past.  For the average last frost date, click here.
  • Space plants 24 inches apart.

Irrigation: Water eggplants deeply and infrequently, apply 1-2 inches per week.  Drip irrigation is suggested if possible.  For more information on irrigation, click here.

Fertilization: In addition to the fertilizer applied during soil preparation, apply nitrogen to each plant at 4 and 8 weeks after planting. For more information on fertilization, click here.

Harvest: Pick eggplants when they are full size, have a glossy sheen and are 6 to 8 inches long.  Use a knife or pruning shears to cut the stem instead of twisting them off.  Store for up to seven days, eggplant is not suitable for drying.

COMMON PESTS AND DISEASES: Flea beetles are the prominent insects that harm eggplants.  Leaf Blights or Spots and Verticilium Wilt can also cause distress to the plants.  In addition eggplants can get Sunscald, which is a disorder caused by direct sunlight during hot, dry weather.  For more information on pests and diseases, click here.