Plant Name

    Tufted Evening-primrose

    Common Name(s):

    Tufted Evening-primrose
    Stemless Primrose
    Fragrant Evening Primrose
    White Stemless Evening Primrose
    Gumbo Lily

    Scientific Name:

    Oenothera caespitosa Nutt.

    Scientific Name Synonyms:

    None Known




    Life Span: Perennial

    Origin: Native

    Growth Characteristics: The flowers of tufted evening-primrose open late in the day and turn pink and wilt the following morning. It can grow up to 1 foot tall, is nearly stemless, and grows from a thick taproot. It blooms April-September.

    Flowers/Inflorescence: Large white flower with four heart-shaped petals and eight yellow stamens. Flowers can measure up to 3 inches across and have a wonderful fragrance.

    Fruits/Seeds: Rough seedpods, about 1 inch long, form soon after flowering.

    Leaves: A basal rosette of lance-shaped and toothed leaves, growing up to 12 inches long. The leaves are crinkly, gray-green, and fuzzy.

    Stems: Very short

    Ecological Adaptions:

    Found in pinyon-juniper woodlands and shadscale scrub communities. Common on roadsides, and is often abundant on steep dry slopes and sandy soils. Found at elevations of 2980-9500 feet.

    Soils: Well-drained, rocky, sandy soils.

    Associated Species: Pinyon pine, Utah juniper, shadscale.

    Uses and Management:

    Cattle seem to avoid evening-primrose. Young shoots and roots of some evening-primroses are eaten by humans.