Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey

Outreach and Educational Materials

FACT SHEETS

Asian Giant Hornet

Asian giant hornet

The Asian giant hornet (AGH) is an invasive wasp native to Southeast Asia. AGH was recently detected in a small area of North America, but is not known to be established in that region. This insect is a concern to beekeepers because it can quickly destroy honey bee colonies. Stings can cause pain and swelling and are a health concern for people with bee or wasp allergies. At roughly 2 inches in length, AGH is the world's largest hornet. 

Balsam Woolly Adelgid - Basic

Balsam Woolly Adelgid

Balsam Woolly Adelgid (BWA) is a tiny sucking insect that was introduced to North America from Europe. In the U.S., it is a serious pest of true firs in forests, landscapes, and in seed and Christmas tree production. In some areas of North America, BWA has completely removed true firs from forest stands. In Utah, subalpine fir is a highly susceptible host tree. Be on the lookout for signs of this destructive pest.

Balsam Woolly Adelgid - Advanced

Balsam Woolly Adelgid

Additional information on the life history and management of the balsam woolly adelgid (BWA) is listed here. In the U.S., BWA is a serious pest of true firs in forests, landscapes, and in seed and Christmas tree production. In some areas of North America, BWA has completely removed true firs from forest stands. In Utah, subalpine fir is a highly susceptible host tree; white fir is also a host but is more tolerant. 

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug - Management

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) is an invasive insect that attacks fruit and vegetable crops in Utah. BMSB was first detected in Utah in 2012, and since 2017 it has caused damage to fruits and vegetables in some Northern Utah counties. More detailed monitoring and management strategies are included here.

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug

Brown Marmorated Stink

The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) was accidentally introduced into the eastern U.S. from Asia in the late 1990s and was first detected in Utah in 2012. BMSB can now be found in several northern Utah counties. BMSB can be a nuisance pest as it aggregates in large numbers, and it has a broad host range that includes fruit, vegetable, ornamental, and field crop plants. Be on the lookout for this invasive pest.

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug - Predatory Samurai Wasp in Utah

Samurai wasp

In June 2019, the exotic parasitoid "samurai wasp" (Trissolcus japonicus) was discovered in Salt Lake City. This wasp targets the brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) in its native Asia and is currently the most promising biological control agent for BMSB. BMSB eggs parasitized by the samurai wasp initially develop a black triangle on the top of each egg cap, and eggs become dark gray or black with age. 

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug - Parasitoids

Samurai wasp

Parasitoid wasps that sting and kill brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) eggs are the most promising type of biological control for this invasive pest. Parasitoid wasps found in Utah that can affect BMSB are discussed here, including the highly specialized samurai wasp, Trissolcus japonicus, that is native to BMSB’s home range and was detected in Utah in June 2019. 

Elm Seed Bug

Elm seed bug

First detected in 2014, elm seed bug is Utah’s newest nuisance pest. Elm seed bug activity peaks in mid-summer when they enter buildings through windows, doors and other entry points. Thoroughly seal windows, doors and cracks and crevices around buildings. Pyrethroid insecticides applied as a barrier treatment may reduce migration into structures.

Emerald Ash Borer

Emerald Ash Borer

The emerald ash borer (EAB) has caused extensive damage to ash trees where it has become established in North America. Although it has not been detected in Utah, EAB is now established most closely in Colorado where it is causing extensive damage to ash trees. New infestations are difficult to detect and damage may not be obvious for years. EAB initially infests tree crowns, and adults leave behind distinctive D-shaped exit holes about 1/8 inch wide when they emerge from trees in the spring. The larvae create serpentine shaped, excrement-filled channels that appear on peeled bark. Be on the lookout for this destructive pest, and report any suspected EAB in Utah to the Utah Plant Pest and Diagnostic Lab.

European Cherry Fruit Fly

European Cherry Fruit Fly

European Cherry Fruit Fly (ECFF) is a new invasive cherry-infesting pest from Europe. It was first detected in North America in Ontario in 2016, and first detected in the U.S. in New York in 2017. Larvae are the damaging life stage; they feed exclusively within fruits, causing them to rot and fall off the tree. In Europe, heavy infestations have resulted in 100% fruit loss. Since adults fly only short distances, spread occurs primarily through movement of infested fruit. 

Imported Fire Ants

Imported Fire Ants

The red and black imported fire ants (IFA) are an invasive and aggressive pest not known to occur in Utah, but parts of southern Utah may be suitable for colony establishment, particularly in areas that have accessible water from irrigation or natural sources. IFA cause agricultural, ecological, economical, nuisance, and public health issues. IFA are native to South America and have invaded other countries, including the U.S. This pest can be easily distinguished from other ants in Utah by the various sizes of workers within a colony coupled with its aggressive nature. 

Invasive Insect Lookalikes

Look-alike mugshot

Learn how to identify some invasive insects and their look-alikes. Here, we provide a quick identification guide for brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) and Japanese beetle (JB)--both of which currently occur in Utah--as well as emerald ash borer (EAB) and Asian longhorned beetle (ALB).

Japanese Beetle

Japanese beetle adult

Japanese beetle was initially detected in Orem, Utah, in July 2006. Past eradication efforts were highly successful. However, constant pressure from travel and trade has resulted in a few additional captures in monitoring traps in recent years. Adults have a broad host range (over 300 plant species) and can cause significant damage.

Small Hive Beetle 

Small Hive Beetle

Small Hive Beetle (SHB) is an exotic pest of honey and bumble bee colonies that is native to Africa. SHB feeds on pollen and honey, kills bee brood and workers, and causes honey to discolor and ferment. This pest is now found throughout much of the U.S. with highest infestations occurring in the Southeast. It was first detected in Utah in 2016. Infestations can be prevented by early detection, using good husbandry techniques, maintaining a high ratio of bees to comb, and keeping hives in partial to full sun. Chemical control options for SHB are limited due to toxicity to bees. 

Spotted Lanternfly

Spotted Lanternfly

Spotted Lanternfly (SLF) is a new invasive pest from China. It was first detected in the U.S. in Pennsylvania in 2014. SLF attacks more than 70 host plants, including grapes, fruit trees, hops, and hardwood ornamental trees. Extensive feeding results in weeping wounds, which combined with SLF's sugary excrement, can promote the growth of sooty mold, a gray-black fungus, that can impact plant vigor and crop yield. 

Spotted Wing Drosophila - General Information

Spotted Wing on Fruit

The spotted wing drosophila (SWD) is an invasive pest from Asia that has been detected in many counties in northern Utah. SWD can be controlled using insecticides common in fruit integrated pest management plants. If SWD is caught in monitoring traps, insecticide applications must be used during the unripe fruit stage to prevent damage. Be on the lookout for this pest.

Spotted Wing Drosophila - Monitoring

SWD in strainer

Monitoring is a crucial first step for managing the invasive spotted wing drosophila (SWD). Methods for monitoring and diagnosing SWD are discussed here. Suspected SWD caught in monitoring traps can be sent to the Utah Plant Pest Diagnostic Lab (UPPDL) for identification before applying an insecticide.

Spotted Wing Drosophila - Identification & Trapping

Identify and Trap SWD

Utah State University Extension specialists explain how to identify the invasive spotted wing drosophila (SWD), and how to attract and trap this exotic pest by using hot water, yeast, sugar, and dish soap. 

Velvet Longhorned Beetle

Velvet Longhorned Beetle

The velvet longhorned beetle (VLB) is an invasive wood-boring beetle native to Asia and Russia that was first detected in Utah in 2010. VLB will attack living and dying trees, as well as green and dried wood; it can infest apple, cherry, mulberry, peach, and a number of deciduous and conifer tree species. Fruit yield, tree longevity, and wood marketability can all be negativly impacted by VLB. Be on the lookout for this pest.

FIELD GUIDES

First Detector Guide to Invasive Insects

First Detector Guide to Invasive Insects

This publication covers background, identification, and plant hosts of invasive insects to Utah with an emphasis on preparing citizens to be First Detectors of these pests. It also provides information on monitoring, management, lookalike insects, and what you can do as a First Detector. 

Invasive Fruit Pest Guide for Utah

Invasive Fruit Pest Guide for Utah

This publication provides detailed information about the identification, monitoring, and management of invasive fruit insects and diseases that threaten fruit production in Utah. Pests include brown marmorated stink bug, spotted wing drosophila, velvet longhorned beetle, Japanese beetle, plum pox virus, and more. 

Invasive Pests of Landscape Trees in Utah

Invasive Pests of Landscape Trees in Utah

This publication covers background, identification, and plant hosts of invasive insects to landscape trees common in Utah. It also provides information on monitoring, management, and lookalike insects. 

Invasive Species Workbook: A Resource for Educators

Invasive Species Workbook

This publication defines "invasive species" and discusses the environmental, economic, and health impacts they have on the planet and on society. It also provides information on how invasive species spread, and lists actions each person can take to prevent this spread from occuring. Information on their monitoring and control is also included. 

INFORMATIONAL WEBINARS and POWERPOINTS

Invasive Species Webinars (2020-2021)

First Detector Training - September 27, 2019

First Detector Training - September 21, 2018

First Detector Training - September 22, 2017

First Detector Training - September 30, 2016

RACK CARDS

Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB)

Asian longhorned beetle rack card

This rack card on Asian longhorned beetle contains information on its identification, life stages, actual size, look-alikes, and damage. The card alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification. Rack cards can be placed in racks or handed out individually.

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB)

Brown marmorated stink bug rack card

This rack card on brown marmorated stink bug contains information on its identification, life stages, actual size, look-alikes, and damage. The card alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification. Rack cards can be placed in racks or handed out individually.

Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) 

Emerald Ash Borer rack card

This rack card on emerald ash borer contains information on its identification, life stages, actual size, look-alikes, and damage. The card alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification. Rack cards can be placed in racks or handed out individually.

Gypsy Moth (GM) 

Gypsy moth rack card

This rack card on gypsy moth contains information on its identification, life stages, actual size, look-alikes, and damage. The card alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification. Rack cards can be placed in racks or handed out individually.

Japanese Beetle (JB) 

Japanese beetle rack card

This rack card on Japanese beetle contains information on its identification, life stages, actual size, look-alikes, and damage. The card alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification. Rack cards can be placed in racks or handed out individually.

Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) 

Emerald Ash Borer

This rack card on Emerald ash borer provides a second version of information concerning this invasive pest. EAB is considered to be the most destructive forest insect to ever invade the United States, and will attack both healthy and unhealthy trees. Rack cards can be placed in racks or handed out individually. 

POSTERS

Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB)

Asian longhorned beetle rack card

This poster alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification of the invasive Asian longhorned beetle.

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB)

Brown marmorated stink bug poster

This poster alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug.

Emerald Ash Borer (EAB)

Emerald Ash Borer poster

This poster alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification of the invasive emerald ash borer.

Gypsy Moth (GM adult) 

Gypsy moth adult poster

This poster alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification of the invasive gypsy moth.

Gypsy Moth (GM larva) 

Gypsy moth larva poster

This poster alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification of the invasive gypsy moth.

Japanese Beetle (JB) 

Japanese beetle poster

This poster alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification of the invasive Japanese beetle.

Don't Move Firewood

Don't Move Firewood Poster 1

This poster alerts citizens that moving firewood can transport tree-killing insects and diseases. Keep your backyard, campgrounds and favorite places safe from insects like Asian longhorned beetle, emerald ash borer, and gypsy moth.

Don't Move Firewood 

Don't Move Firewood Poster 2

This poster alerts citizens to buy firewood where they are going to burn it and other ways to help stop the spread of invasive pests and diseases. This poster encourages people to leave firewood at home, buy or collect only what is needed, and use any moved firewood immediately.

OTHERS

Don't Move Firewood T-Shirt

Firewood outreach t-shirt

This design is for printing onto a t-shirt. This Don't Move Firewood t-shirt serves as a form of outreach by increasing awareness of the dangers associated with moving firewood and encourages viewers to buy local firewood.

Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) & Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) Cornhole Game

EAB and ALB cornhole

This design is for printing onto a set of tailgate-sized cornhole boards (2' x 3'). This customized game of cornhole will increase outreach efforts with a fun, hands-on activity that introduces the players to two key invasive species (EAB and ALB) that threaten Utah's landscape. Cornhole can be played at fairs, farmers' markets, educational events and more. Building instructions for a tailgate-sized cornhole set can be found here.

Asian Longhorned Beetle (ALB) Door Hanger

Asian longhorned beetle door hanger

This door hanger on Asian longhorned beetle contains information on its identification, life stages, actual size, look-alikes, and damage. The hanger alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification. Door hangers can be placed on door knobs or handed out individually.

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (BMSB) Door Hanger

Brown marmorated stink bug door hanger

This door hanger on brown marmorated stink bug contains information on its identification, life stages, actual size, look-alikes, and damage. The hanger alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification. Door hangers can be placed on door knobs or handed out individually.

Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Door Hanger

Emerald Ash Borer door hanger

This door hanger on emerald ash borer contains information on its identification, life stages, actual size, look-alikes, and damage. The hanger alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification. Door hangers can be placed on door knobs or handed out individually.

Gypsy Moth (GM) Door Hanger

Gypsy moth door hanger

This door hanger on gypsy moth contains information on its identification, life stages, actual size, look-alikes, and damage. The hanger alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification. Door hangers can be placed on door knobs or handed out individually.

Japanese Beetle (JB) Door Hanger

Japanese beetle door hanger

This door hanger on Japanese beetle contains information on its identification, life stages, actual size, look-alikes, and damage. The hanger alerts citizens to beware of hitchhikers, take preventative action, and be prepared for proper identification. Door hangers can be placed on door knobs or handed out individually.

Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) T-Shirt

EAB outreach t-shirt

This design is for printing onto a t-shirt. This emerald ash borer t-shirt serves as a form of outreach by increasing awareness of the emerald ash borer and the threat it poses to our ash trees. The person wearing the shirt acts as an educator with the call to action on the back of the shirt suggesting that people "ask [the wearer] about this pest".

Don't Pack a Pest Tote Bag

Don't Pack a Pest Tote Bag

This design is for printing onto a tote bag. Tote bags can be filled with outreach materials and help to spread this message: Don't pack a pest. Moving firewood transports tree-killing insects and diseases. Buy it where you burn it.