Watercress is a sun and water loving perennial. Watercress is becoming more popular in cooking due to its peppery taste.  To learn more about watercress, click here.

VARIETIES:
Curly Cress, Wintercress, Watercress or Big Leaf Cress are all varieties that are available for purchase. 

CULTIVATION:

Soil preparation: Choose a gardening plot that has organically rich soils and tolerates a wide range of pH.  Before planting incorporate 4 to 6 inches of organic matter.  To learn more about soil preparation, click here.

Planting:

  • Watercress can be propagated by stem cuttings or from seeds. 
  • For best results plant in pots. 
  • Seeds should be sown ¼ inch deep, roughly three weeks before the frost-free date.  To find the average frost date, click here.
  • When transplanting, plant after the last frost, space plants 8 inches apart.

Irrigation: Watercress enjoys being submerged or in shallow moving water.  If planting in pots, place potted plants in a bucket with 2 to 3 inches of water.  Or plant the watercress by an existing water feature.  To learn more about irrigation, click here.

Fertilization: Mix in a complete soluble fertilizer with water to fertilize the plants.  To learn more about fertilization, click here.

Harvest: Harvest dime sized dark green leaves at any time during the year.  Leaves and young stems are best if harvested before the plant flowers.  The flavor begins to deteriorate when temperatures increase above 85° F.  Watercress can be stored in refrigerator for about one week.   

 COMMON PESTS AND DISEASES: White flies, spider mites or snails are common insects that affect watercress.  To learn more about pests and diseases, click here.