Sulfur Buckwheat

    Sulfur Buckwheat

    Common Name(s):

    Sulfur Buckwheat
    Sulphur-flower Buckwheat
    Sulfur Flower

    Scientific Name:

    Eriogonum umbellatum Torr.

    Scientific Name Synonyms:

    None Known

    Symbol:

    ERUM

    Description:

    Life Span: Perennial

    Origin: Native

    Growth Characteristics: Sulfur buckwheat is a very widespread and variable species, with 40 different varieties occurring in North America. Plants can range from low, dense tufted, matted perennial forbs to large spreading shrubs.  Sulfur buckwheat grows from a tufted, more or less woody crown and root. The foliage is grey. 
     
    Flowers: Long lasting, ball-like clusters (umbel) of flowers. Colors can be yellow, cream to red or purple. Flowers appear from June through August.
     
    Fruits/Seeds: An achene.
     
    Leaves: The leaves are arranged in loose to compact basal rosettes, the leaf-blades are oval to round, dense white-woolly beneath. The leaves are evergreen, but some change to red in the fall.
     
    Stems: Stalks are up to 12 inches tall and leafless.

     

    Ecological Adaptions:

    Sulfur Buckwheat grows in open dry sites in valleys and on mountain slopes up to subalpine elevations. It prefers full sun
     
    Soils: Dry, well drained soils.
     
    Associated Species: Big sagebrush, Utah serviceberry, Douglas fir, lodgepole pine, Utah Juniper, pinyon pine, Aspen.

    Uses and Management:

    Livestock like to eat the flowers. It is used as an ornamental plant in very dry climates.