Saw Groundsel

    Saw Groundsel

    Common Name(s):

    Saw Groundsel
    Tall Ragwort
    Butterweed
    Butterweed Groundsel
    Tall Butterweed

    Scientific Name:

    Senecio serra Hook.

    Scientific Name Synonyms:

    None Known

    Symbol:

    SESE2

    Description:

    Life Span: Perennial, Biennial, Annual

    Origin: Native

    Growth Characteristics: Saw groundsel is a smooth plant, growing 2-5 feet tall. 
     
    Flowers: Saw groundsel has many bright yellow flowers per stem and bracts which are red-to-black tipped. Each flower is about ½ inch wide and 5-10 flowers make up flat topped umbrella-type arrangements. The individual blooms have a ragged appearance.
     
    Fruits/Seeds:  Each head produced about 20 smooth seeds with long white bristles to carry them away in the wind.
     
    Leaves: The leaves of Saw groundsel are long and narrow, often less than ½ inch wide, with a gradually tapering base. They are glabrous and have finely serrated margins. The stem leaves are on short stalks, and are only slightly reduced in size at the top of the stem. 
     
    Stems: Multiple smooth stems. 
     
    Roots: Saw groundsel arises from a caudex. Its roots are course and felt-covered.

    Ecological Adaptions:

    Saw groundsel is found in montane areas, preferring moist woodlands, openings, and streamsides. 
     
    Soils: Prefers moist soils.
     
    Associated Species:  Aspen,  snowberry, yarrow

    Uses and Management:

    Of the many species of groundsels in the West, Saw groundsel is one of the best as a source of forage. It produces an abundance of succulent herbages, and withstands grazing well. It is grazed mainly by sheep.