Greenmolly

    Greenmolly

    Common Name(s):

    Greenmolly
    Green Molly
    Desert Molly
    Greenmolly Summercypress
    Red Sage
    Gray Molly

    Scientific Name:

    Bassia americana (S. Watson) A.J. Scott

    Scientific Name Synonyms:

    Kochia americana S. Wats.

    another synonym goes here

    Symbol:

    KOAM

    Description:

    Life Span: Perennial

    Origin: Native

    Season: Deciduous

    Growth Characteristics: A 4 to 16 inch subshrub, woody and much branched at the base, simple and herbaceous above. Stems are grayish-white. Flowers in late summer, reproduces from seeds.

    Flowers/Inflorescence: Flowers are small, without stalks, extremely hairy and white.

    Fruits/Seeds: Fruit is a utricle.

    Leaves: Alternate or opposite, often occurring in fascicles (similar to a pine tree). The blades are narrow, fleshy, and about ½ inch long. Surfaces are dark green and covered with long silky hairs.

    Stems: Grayish and hairy.

    Ecological Adaptions:

    Occurs in desert valleys, flats, marshes, roadsides, and foothills of the cold desert region. New growth, especially the leaves, often dries to a black color.

    Soils: Saline, sandy clay loams.

    Associated Species: Saltbush, shadscale, black sagebrush, Indian ricegrass, saltgrass.

    Uses and Management:

    Greenmolly provides excellent forage for sheep, cattle, and deer. It is often used as winter forage for sheep. It is high in protein during the fall. There is some evidence that it may accumulate nitrates.

    Greenmolly
    Photo courtesy of Dr. Roger Banner, USU Extension