Balsamorhiza macrophylla Nutt.
Scientific Name Synonyms:
Life Span: Perennial
Season: season goes here
Growth Characteristics: The balsamroots are often among the earliest plants to produce leaves and flowers in spring. Cutleaf balsamroot grows up to 2 feet tall, and begins flowering in mid-April and flowers through early summer. It reproduces from seed.
Flowers: Balsamroots are known for their large, yellow, and sunflower-like, mostly solitary flowers found at the end of a leafless stem. Flowers can be up to 5 inches across, with the yellow ray flowers measuring 1 ½ inches long.
Fruits/Seeds: Fruit is an achene.
Leaves: Cutleaf balsamroot has basal leaves that are 15-30 inches long and pinnately divided into entire-margined or coarsely toothed segments. They are softly pubescent and have a slightly unpleasant medical odor.
Balsamroots are often found in habitat’s consisting of open slopes and barren plateaus. Cutleaf balsamroot is found in rocky meadows, sagebrush scrublands and conifer forests. It is usually found at elevations from 4500 to 7000 feet. It is strongly drought resistant, has good winter-hardiness, tolerates semi-shade, and is strongly tolerant of grazing and trampling.
Soils: Most abundant on well-drained soils, but found on gravelly to clayey soils.
Uses and Management:
Balsamroots will increase when grazed by cattle, but decrease when grazed by sheep or deer on winter ranges.