If soil salinity is high, the site may require application of excess irrigation water to leach away these excess salts before fruit crops can survive and thrive (See table below).  After orchard establishment, correcting problem soils can be an overwhelming challenge.  Amending soils to correct problems is much easier before planting.

              Salinity tolerance of common fruit and nut crops (from USU Extension Bulletin “Salinity and Plant      Tolerance”).  Salinity is measured as the electrical conductivity (EC) of the soil or water.