Timely Tips for October
Timely Tips for October
1. Fall is a good time to plant perennials. Get them into the garden before the ground freezes and water in well. A layer of mulch will protect the roots over the winter.
2. Don’t forget to bring in any houseplants that have been enjoying the summer outdoors. Check carefully for insects and treat with insecticidal soap, if needed, before bringing them into the house.
3. Clean out vegetable gardens and annual/perennial beds after the first killing frost to reduce overwintering insect pests and diseases. Mow up or remove leaves that accumulate on lawns. Do not leave dead plants and debris over the winter.
4. Dig, air cure and store dahlia, canna and other summer bulbs after the first frost. Don’t forget to label them! Store them in single layers in vermiculite, perlite, peat, sand or newspaper. Do not divide them until spring.
5. Have a gardening question? Call the Juab County Extension Office at 435-623-3450.
6. Reseed your lawn on the bare or thin patches.
7. Compost your grass clippings or sprinkle them in your garden for an added boost of nutrients.
8. Mow your grass to about 2 1/2 to 3 inches tall.
9. Perform a fall core aeration to help fertilizers reach down to the roots and to improve air circulation during wet winter months.
10. Check sprinklers to make sure they are working properly and cover only where they are needed. The sidewalks and roadways don’t need to be watered.
11. Clean up your garden and landscape by composting dead leaves and other plant matter which is free of diseases. Throw away any plants which are diseased, and till under any other plant debris.
12. Continue to monitor automatic sprinkler systems, ensuring they are spraying in the right direction and haven’t gotten clogged.
13. Don’t let weeds go to seed. Gem them out when they are young, before they multiply. This is especially true with field bindweed, also known as morning glory.
14. Avoid fertilizing roses and other trees/shrubs after September 1st.
Fall Rose Care Ideas
It’s not a good idea to fertilize roses in the fall. Roses need time to harden off before winter arrives. Roses that grow too fast in the fall have new tender shoots. This new growth can be injured by cold winter temperatures. The older, hard growth will better tolerate the winter temperatures.
In the fall, reduce the amount of water applied to roses to help them harden off. This will help protect them during the winter. Don’t pick rose flowers late in the fall as this will also help them get ready for winter.
Prune your rose canes (except climbing roses and shrub roses) down to three or four feet high after the leaves completely freeze in the fall or early winter. The main reason for pruning roses this time of year is to prevent the snow from breaking the canes. Wait until spring to do major pruning and shaping. In the spring after the major danger of frost is past, prune roses to 14-16 inches tall.
Mulch roses to protect the roots from severely cold temperatures. Let the ground and roots freeze lightly prior to mulching. This procedure will allow the plant to become dormant prior to applying the mulch.
The best way to mulch roses is to pile leaves, small bark, commercial products or garden soil 4-6 inches deep around each bush. Grass clippings should not be used to mulch roses because they may cause a fungus problem that can kill roses.