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How do I prune my roses?

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In late summer, leave rose hips (spent flowers) on the rose canes until the annual fall pruning when old blossoms are removed and long and damaged canes are cut back.  Mulch around the plants after the ground freezes.  In spring, prune Hybrid Teas and Grandifloras leaving 5 to 6 canes, 12 to 24 inches tall.  For more blooms prune back lightly; extensive pruning will give less but bigger blooms.  When pruning back, cut ¼ inch above an outward facing bud at a 45 degree angle and leave the center of the rose bush open.

Posted on 13 Jun 2006

Karl Hauptfleisch
Salt Lake Master Gardener

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