Ask a Question
Notify Me On Question Update
Email this Question
Just moved to where we have a very large backyard. I want to plant a large variety of fruit trees, but I don't know what will grow well in this climate. What types of fruit grow best in the Salt Lake area? (eg peaches, apples, nectarines....?) And which kind of each fruit would you suggest? I'm also new to this, so where should I go to buy the trees and find info on how to grow them correctly?
Rate This FAQ
That is a great question and very broad question with many variables and factors to consider. One of my first suggestions is to have a basic soil analysis done. This will help determine your pH, soil texture, salinity and nutrient levels. Utah State University Analytical Laboratories has this service.I highly recommend the initial $14 routine soil test before spending lots of money on trees and soil amendments. Their website with the questionnaire and soil sample information is at http://www.usual.usu.edu/ and the soil submission form can be found at http://www.usual.usu.edu/forms/soilform.pdf .
The next thing to realize is that fruit trees require some investment in time and labor for maintaining good health and productivity of fruit. New trees may take several years before they will begin to bear fruit. Many fruit trees can grow in the Salt Lake area and the types of trees you want depend on what fruits you like to eat, pest management for common pests, self-fruitful varieties, planting compatible varieties for pollination, water or irrigation for trees, training and pruning trees. I'll just give you a few examples of common pest problems (all manageable with time and effort) with fruit trees. Which also begs the question of wanting to be chemical free or using chemicals to control pests.
Cherries (Sweet and Tart) - Western Cherry Fruit Fly
Peaches - Peach Twig Borer and Peach Crown Borer
Apples - Codling Moth
A great resource about orchard pest management is the Utah Home Orchard Pest Management Guide available online at http://extension.usu.edu/files/publications/factsheet/home-orchard-guide.pdf
For peaches and nectarines, there is an online guide to varieties at http://www.larrysagers.com/weeklyarticles/recommended_peach_and_nectarine_varieties_for_northern_utah.html
Even with a large backyard, planting apples trees with dwarf or semidwarf rootstock is recommended. This will make training, pruning, harvesting trees much easier for the life of the tree. Here is a link to varieties of apples for northern Utah by our Horticulture Agent in Weber County. http://extension.usu.edu/htm/news/articleID=1936
As for planting fruit trees, as with all trees, a common mistake is planting too deep. Almost all fruit trees are budded or grafted onto rootstock. An old habit which is not longer encourage is to bury the graft. The ideal way to plant all trees is to find the root flare or collar where the trunk is differentiated from the roots, and the root collar should be at the level or slightly above the soil. The means the hole you dig should be shallow and wide to encourage good establishment of the root system.
Lots to think about, and for a successful home orchard, please read through some of this material. Feel free to contact me if you have any further questions.
Submit Your Suggestion
Other Questions In This Topic
- Where can I buy a kumquat tree in Utah? Will it survive living outdoors in SLC?
- Our new home came with some juvenile trees and sapplings planted very closely together in one corner of the yard. Who can identify these trees for us, so we know which ones (if any) to remove/relocate?
- Can I legally drill a small water well (or two) under 30 feet deep in my back yard without a permit?
- Last fall I bought a daffodil mixture. They bloomed great this spring, but in October they have all started to come up. What's going on?
- The grass in certain areas of my lawn is not growing well. I've been told it may be due to the fact that they're adjacent to pine trees, and that fallen pine needles have caused locally acidic conditions. It is suggested that I apply Gypsum in these areas. Are the diagnoses and suggestions plausible ?
- How do I keep lady bugs out of my house? Also, how do I keep out Asian Beetles?
- I live out on the western edge of South Jordan. The home I just bought has very sandy/rocky soil. The lawn is an inch to inch and one half depth. I have decided to add at least four inches of topsoil to my back yard this fall and re-seed. The front yard is still worth saving. I have three questions. What is the best Ph level for my soil in this area and what type of seed will work best in high sun location such as the one I live in and last should I consider some type of organic treatment to my front yard to strengthen it and promote growth?
- I planted 5 flowering pear trees. The leaves are drying out and dying. What can I do to make sure the trees do not die from transplant shock?