Ask a Question
Notify Me On Question Update
Email this Question
I have two new flowering pear trees that are being used as breakfast, lunch and dinner. I am not sure what is eating them the leaves have large scallops taken out of them. The lower branches have been affected more than the top ones. Any ideas?
Rate This FAQ
Without actually seeing the damage to your leaves it is difficult to give you an accurate diagnosis of what is happening. By your description there may be two different types of insects causing the notches in your pear tree leaves. Properly identifying what is causing the damage can help you decide on what control methods to use.
The first type of insect that causes damage like you described is a root weevil. Two common varieties that could be damaging your pear trees are Lilac Root Weevil (Otiorhynchus meridionalis) and Strawberry Root Weevil (Otiorhynchus ovatus). These insects are particularly hard to find on your plants because the adults hide during the day, only feeding at night and the larvae live in the root zone of the plant feeding on the tissues there. Because they can be difficult to find you could create a trap by placing a fold of burlap around the base of the tree or by burying a paper cup at soil level. This will allow you to collect a specimen. If it is root weevils a non-chemical method of control would be the use of commercial sticky traps placed in a protected area either in or near the tree. If you choose to use a chemical insecticide use one that is a Pyrethroid. The following link has more information on root weevils http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/insect/05551.html
The second type of insect that may be causing the damage is Leafcutter bees. They are a native species of pollinators that use the portion of the leaf that they have notched out in rearing their young. These insects are not pests and control practices are not recommended because they are very beneficial in helping to pollinate our crops and ornamental plants.
By following this link you can see pictures that show what typical damage of both Root Weevil and Leafcutter Bees looks like.
To help provide you with a better diagnosis of what is happening to your pear tree leaves you can bring a sample into the USU Extension Office located at 2001 S. State Street for identification. Our office hours are Monday through Friday 8:00 am to 5:00 pm.
Precautionary Statement: All pesticides have benefits and risks, however following the label will maximize the benefits and reduce risks. Pay attention to the directions for use and follow precautionary statements. Pesticide labels are considered legal documents containing instructions and limitations. Inconsistent use of the product or disregarding the label is a violation of both federal and state laws. The pesticide applicator is legally responsible for proper use.
Submit Your Suggestion
Other Questions In This Topic
- I have been spraying Captan on my fruit trees for several years. This year I discovered at IFA that Captan is no longer allowed, so I purchased malathion (57%). Is there any problem spraying the malathion over the Captan? It has been three weeks since the last spray of Captan. I'd like to spray tomorrow (7/30), so it would be helpful to know as soon as possible.
- I need to buy some tree spacers to reshape my fruit trees. Where can I buy tree spacers?
- What is the best way to tell when a d'Anjou pear is ready to harvest?
- Two Questions, is Malathion the best spray to use on apple and pear trees and is there a way I could get a list of professionals who spray fruit trees?
- Can we grow the new Honey Crisp apple here?
- Is there a variety of Nectarine which will grow well here in northern Utah? Can I grow just one tree? Is it okay to grow it near a peach tree or will they cross-pollinate and cause problems? Do they have the same risk of disease as peaches do?
- When can I stop spraying my apple trees for coddling moth for the season?
- Can you plant ONE apple tree and get fruit? Everyone says you have to plant two different varieties, but I only have room for one tree.