Peach Varieties

 Peaches are deciduous fruit trees and requre a dormant and rest period. Weather conditions, such as shortening days and cold temperatures cause the trees to go dormant. As the winter progresses peach trees go into a "rest" period. If certain conditions have not been met the tree will not come out of the rest period. Peaches require a certain amount of chilling to bring them out of the rest period once the climate is favorable to growth again. This chilling is determined by the number of hours below a certain temperature--optimal is 45o F. The chilling requirement for different varieties can vary from less than 200 hours to more than 1000 hours. For Carbon County growers varieties that require 800 chilling hours or more should be selected to ensure fewer frost problems in the spring--varieties that require more hours will be less likely to be caught by a late spring frost during bloom. The hours listed with the tree description is the number of hours the tree needs below 45o F before the tree will start to grow and bloom again. These descriptions have been combined from several commercial and research sources.

Redhaven-
Medium sized round fruit. Golden-yellow skin with attractive red blush. Non-browning, sweet yellow flesh is firm and smooth textured. Excellent for canning, freezing, and fresh eating. Redhaven is the standard by which all early peaches are judged. The tree is vigorous and early bearing. 950 hours. Self-fertile.

Glohaven-
Large, nearly round fruit with a highly colored skin, which is almost fuzzless. Firm, yellow flesh with a pleasant flavor.Superior for canning and freezing. 850 hours. Self-fertile.

Red Globe-
A very large round peach. Skin is a highly blushed red over a golden color.  Firm, yellow flesh with excellent sweet flavor.  Red Goble is one of the most attractive peaches of the season.  Excellent for fresh eating, canning, or freezing.  850 hours. Self-fertile.

Canadian Harmony-
Late-blooming, vigorous tree. Cold hardiness comparable to Redhaven. Medium to large, firm, yellow freestone with red near the pit. Skin almost entirely blushed red. Ripens just before Halehaven. Used fresh and for freezing. From Ontario, Canada. Introduced in 1968. 1,000 hours. Self-fertile.

Early Elberta-
Large golden yellow peach with very little or no blush. Golden yellow flesh with rich, sweet flavor. Excellent for fresh eating and canning. The most popular variety in our area. 800 hours. Self-fertile.

Elberta-
Large, golden yellow fruit blushed with red. Firm, rich, sweet, yellow flesh. Excellent for fresh eating and canning. Hardy and productive. 850 hours. Self-fertile.

J.H. Hale-
Extra large, round fruit with golden skin mostly covered with a brilliant red blush. Sweet, firm, yellow flesh. Requires pollination from another variety. Great for shipping and canning. A very popular late peach. 850 hours. Another nectarine or peach needed to pollinate.

Veteran-

One of the most reliable peaches for cold climates: winter hardy and late-blooming. Yellow to yellow-orange skin. Yellow flesh is freestone when fully ripe, and richly flavored. Harvest one week before Elberta. 900 hours. Self-fruitful.

Reliance-

Late blooming. Very cold hardy/frost hardy. Sweet, flavorful yellow freestone. Best choice for climates having severe cold in winter and spring. Harvest 2-3 weeks before Elberta. Showy bloom. 1000 hours. Self-fruitful.

Harken-

From Canada, a sibling of Canadian Harmony peach. Red-skinned yellow freestone ripens early mid-season, a few days after Redhaven . Sweet, flavorful, mid-sized fruit, non-browning flesh. One of the highest-rated peaches for Western Washington. Dessert/cooking/freezing. 800 hours. Self-fertile.

Polly-

One of the most winter hardy white peach varieties. Developed in Iowa, hardy to -20ºF. Reliable crops of tasty, sweet, medium-sized, white-fleshed fruit. Crimson-blushed white skin. 1,000 hours. Self-fertile.

Ranger-

One of the best late-blooming/frost hardy peaches for cold climates. Medium size, full-flavored, high quality yellow freestone. Mid-season, 1 week after Redhaven. Fresh/can/freeze. 900 hours. Self-fertile.