Biosecurity Guide

    Biosecurity Guide

    BIOSECURITY GUIDE (OUTLINE) - FOR SPECIFIC FARM

    (From "open-gate" to Biosecure)
    1. Perimeter Security
      Hazard - stray animals; un-informed; un-thinking
      1. Fences / Barriers
        Panels or chain link - ?small enough openings to contain escaping animals
      2. Signs
        "Stop! Biosecure Area; Restricted Entry; Contact Farm Manager or Call XXXX for entry permission"
    2. Approved Visitor Procedure
      Hazard - manure on footwear and tires; disease transfer from animals to human
      1. Signs directing to office prior to entrance (see perimeter)
      2. Parking area
      3. Entry point to animals
        Boot brush / Boot Bath - at least available for special times
        Footwear covers
      4. Screening of visitors
        Foreign travel in last 14 days? Clinician permission before entry
        Foot wear to other farms? Footlets or boot bath
        Need to handle animals? Clean clothes or clean coveralls
        Caution for toddlers and children for their safety
        Students - boot and coverall policy
      5. Children NOT pet animals
        Signs
        Standard letter to go from Office to Teacher, prior to visit
        Protect feet; provide handwashing
      6. Students - boot and coverall policy
        Use boot bath on entry and leaving
        Wear clean coveralls each time
      7. Equipment / Facilities
        boot brush / bath
        disposable boots or foot covers
        clean coveralls / clothes to handle animals
        hand washing site and shoe cleaning area for children
    3. Farm Personnel
      Hazard - manure on footwear, vehicles, clothes;
      1. Farm-specific boots, coveralls
        Will be provided by farm for employees
      2. Boot bath and clean coveralls if to other farm - or prefer they change
      3. Vehicle traffic from farm to farm (tractor, truck, trailer)
        Wash tires if go through manure
        Wash vehicle if haul manure or animals
    4. Effective boot bath
      1. Boot brush site
      2. Water and Brush
      3. Brush off boots then stand in pan of disinfectant and brush off boots, change often
    5. Animal movement
      Hazards - disease carried but not evident, even with testing
      - stray, purchased, brought-in, boarding
      1. Isolation 21-30 days - observe for illness; test
        AI cows, etc. - only exit is culling (NOT to be put into farm herds or flocks)
      2. Clean vehicle used for hauling
      3. Test for specific diseases - Clinicians
      4. Herd of origin status / testing - Clinicians
    6. Feed and water
      Hazards - BSE, Salmonella, E. coli, Neospora, Toxoplasmosis
      1. Keep dogs/cats out of feed and feed mangers (bird control)
      2. Use NO feed with ruminant protein; document protein supplement used
      3. Clean out water troughs often - scheduled
    7. Vehicle movement
      Hazard - manure on tires, in trailer
      1. Fence / Barrier to keep most vehicles in parking area and out of animal area
      2. Specific loading/unloading area - at isolation pen area, etc.
      3. Clean tires before entry/departure - if manure contaminated
      4. Bedding in trailer - clean out to safe place; wash
    8. Manure management
      Hazard - manure to feed / mouth
      1. Separate tractor bucket to move feed than to move manure or wash off often wash off tires after scraping manure, before using in feed
      2. Apply manure to ground for plowing or compost it
        Develop compost area and methods on blacktop
      3. Clean manure off boots and tires before entry to animal or feed areas
        Employees, students, faculty, visitors; wear footwear covers
      4. Don't walk or drive in feed areas
    9. Prepared for total lock-down in emergency (animals / people / products)