Avian Deaths and Human Infection

Early-Season Avian Deaths from West Nile Virus as Warnings of Human Infection

An analysis of 2001 and 2002 West Nile virus (WNV) surveillance data shows that counties that report WNV-infected dead birds early in the transmission season are more likely to report subsequent WNV disease cases in humans than are counties that do not report early WNV-infected dead birds.


Guptill SC , Julian KG, Campbell GL, Price SD , Marfin AA. Early-season avian deaths from West Nile virus as warnings of human infection. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 2003 Apr [ date cited ]. Available from: URL: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol9no4/02-0421.htm


West Nile Virus Is A Risk You Can Do Something About With A Few Simple Steps. (Human protection)

http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/brochure.htm